Visual Aspects of Dyslexia

Visual Aspects of Dyslexia

This book brings together research from neurology, neuroscience, and the vision sciences to present a cutting edge review of this topic.

Author: John Stein

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199589814

Category: Education

Page: 219

View: 294

Although the dominant view of dyslexia is that it is caused by linguistic/phonological weakness, recent research within neuroscience has shown that it is associated with visual processing problems as well. This book brings together research from neurology, neuroscience, and the vision sciences to present a cutting edge review of this topic.
Categories: Education

Visual Aspects of Dyslexia

Visual Aspects of Dyslexia

Developmental dyslexia: The visual attention span deficit hypothesis . Cognition , 104 , 198–230 . Bouma , H. ( 1970 ). Interaction effects in parafoveal letter recognition . Nature , 226 , 177–8 . Buchholz , J. , & McKone , E. ( 2004 ) ...

Author: John Stein

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191636349

Category: Psychology

Page: 216

View: 648

Dyslexia affects about 10% of all children and is a potent cause of loss of self-confidence, personal and family misery, and waste of potential. Although the dominant view is that it is caused by specifically linguistic/phonological weakness, recent research within the field of neuroscience has shown that it is associated wtih visual processing problems as well. These discoveries have led to a resurgence in visual methods of treatment, which have shown promising results. 'Visual aspects of dyslexia' brings together cutting edge research from a range of disciplines - including neurology, neuroscience, and the vision sciences, to present the first comprehensive review of this recent research. It includes chapters from leading specialists which, in addition to reporting on the latest research, show how this knowledge is being successfully applied in the development of effective visual treatments for this common problem. Sections within the book cover the role of eye movements in reading, visual attention and reading, the neural bases of reading, and the relationship between visual stress and dyslexia. Making a valuable contribution in helping us develop a deeper understanding of dyslexia, this is an important book for those in the fields of psychology, neuroscience, and education.
Categories: Psychology

Dyslexia in Children

Dyslexia in Children

In recent years , however , renewed interest has been devoted to the visual aspects of reading and dyslexia , especially reformulated in terms of the " Magnocellular theory of dyslexia ...

Author: Christopher B. Hayes

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 1594549699

Category: Psychology

Page: 164

View: 528

Dyslexia is a brain-based type of learning disability that specifically impairs a person's ability to read. Although the disorder varies from person to person, common characteristics among people with dyslexia are difficulty with phonological processing (the manipulation of sounds) and/or rapid visual-verbal responding. The syndrome of dyslexia does not imply low intelligence or poor educational potential, and is independent of race and social background. Although dyslexia seems to be more prevalent among males than females, the exact ratio is unknown: the most commonly quoted figures are between 3:1 and 5:1. The evidence suggests that in at least two-thirds of cases, dyslexia has a genetic cause, but in some cases birth difficulties may play a role. Dyslexia may overlap with related conditions such as dyspraxia, attention deficit disorder (with or without hyperactivity) and dysphasia. In childhood, its effects can be misattributed to emotional or behavioural disorders. By adulthood, many dyslexics will have developed sophisticated compensating strategies that may mask their difficulties. This new book presents state-of-the-art research in this dynamic field.
Categories: Psychology

The Dyslexia Debate

The Dyslexia Debate

In A. A. Benasich & R. H. Fitch (Eds.), Developmental dyslexia: Early precursors, neurobehavioral markers, ... Visual contributions to reading difficulties: ... In J. Stein & Z. Kapoula (Eds.), Visual aspects of dyslexia (pp. 171–197).

Author: Julian G. Elliott

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107782396

Category: Psychology

Page:

View: 657

The Dyslexia Debate examines how we use the term 'dyslexia' and questions its efficacy as a diagnosis. While many believe that a diagnosis of dyslexia will shed light on a reader's struggles and help identify the best form of intervention, Julian G. Elliott and Elena L. Grigorenko show that it adds little value. In fact, our problematic interpretation of the term could prove to be a major disservice to many children with difficulties learning to read. This book outlines in detail the diverse ways in which reading problems have been conceptualized and operationalized. Elliott and Grigorenko consider the latest research in cognitive science, genetics, and neuroscience, and the limitations of these fields in terms of professional action. They then provide a more helpful, scientifically rigorous way to describe the various types of reading difficulties and discuss empirically supported forms of intervention.
Categories: Psychology

Developmental Dyslexia across Languages and Writing Systems

Developmental Dyslexia across Languages and Writing Systems

The relationship between language-processing and visual-processing deficits in developmental dyslexia. Cognition, 71, 231–255. doi: ... In J. Stein & Z. Kapoula (Eds.), Visual aspects of dyslexia (pp ...

Author: Ludo Verhoeven

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108428774

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 481

View: 930

The first truly systematic, multi-disciplinary, and cross-linguistic study of the language and writing system factors affecting the emergence of dyslexia.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Dyslexia and Inclusion

Dyslexia and Inclusion

The eye symbol in the above diagram represents the visual aspects of dyslexia. Some dyslexic children may have some visual disturbance when reading print and this can cause blurring, words merging and omissions of words or lines when ...

Author: Gavin Reid

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135395933

Category: Education

Page: 138

View: 219

This book provides the teacher with an understanding of dyslexia and offers practical approaches that can be used for assessment, teaching and learning. The book aims to highlight how the needs of children with dyslexia can be met within the curriculum and within the mainstream classroom. The key theme of the book is inclusion and suggests that intervention for dyslexic children should focus on the barriers to learning, and the most prominent of these may be aspects of the curriculum and how the curriculum is presented. By understanding crucial aspects of dyslexia, teachers can be pro-active and anticipate the type of difficulties that can be experienced. The book also discusses appropriate use of resources, differentiation and learning styles. The book covers: understanding and identifying dyslexia teaching and learning approaches and classroom strategies curriculum perspectives and planning for learning dyslexia and inclusion.
Categories: Education

Dyslexia Neuronal Cognitive and Linguistic Aspects

Dyslexia  Neuronal  Cognitive and Linguistic Aspects

This type of therapy has turned out to be valuable and gives, thus, emphasis to the visual aspect. Stein: I find that very interesting. There have been many reports in the past about the effects of training dyslexics in an attempt to ...

Author: Yngve Zotterman

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9781483148052

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 192

View: 522

Dyslexia: Neuronal, Cognitive & Linguistic Aspects focuses on the desire of scholars to identify the etiology of dyslexia and how it affects the ability of children to read and write. This book features the works of authors who have conducted extensive research on dyslexia. In the neuronal aspect of defining the origin of dyslexia, the selection commences by defining the neuroanatomical features of language and dyslexia. This discussion is followed by a tracking of the sections of the brain that are involved in this kind of deficiency. In the cognitive facet, the selection features discussion on how the right hemisphere functions relative to the ability to read. This topic is followed by several observations, which point out that the right hemisphere has no direct influence on a person’s ability to read; however, it is stressed that this part of the brain has visuo-spatial capabilities. The discussion is followed by a presentation of opthalmological findings among children with learning difficulties. The book then proceeds to the relationship of dyslexia with visual problems and linguistic awareness. In this regard, questions on the ability of children to be able to read prior and during their school years are raised. The selection ends with a discussion on how to treat dyslexia through the use of computers. This book is a great source of information for neurophysiologists, psychophysiologists, ophthalmologists, and teachers who are interested in helping children learn to read and write.
Categories: Health & Fitness

Dyslexia

Dyslexia

It has been estimated that the risk of a son being dyslexic if he has a dyslexic father is about 40%. ... Everatt (2002), in a comprehensive review of visual aspects relating to dyslexia, suggests that the visual representation ...

Author: Gavin Reid

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470973745

Category: Education

Page: 173

View: 137

The new edition of Dyslexia is written for parents of dyslexic children and the professionals who work with them, and provides information on the role parents can play in supporting their dyslexic child. This updated edition contains new material and up-to-date discussions of current research and programs. Empowers parents by providing them with strategies for dealing with a wide range of concerns including dyspraxia and dyscalculia New sections cover post-school issues, the emotional needs of young people with dyslexia and information on how parents can help at home Features information on some of the more popular interventions for dyslexia, and critical evaluations of ‘alternative treatments’ Includes first–hand accounts of parents’ hopes, successes and setbacks, and extensive lists of organizations and resources
Categories: Education

Dyslexia

Dyslexia

Snowling, M. J. (2013), 'Early Identification and Interventions for Dyslexia: A Contemporary View', Journal of Research in ... Stein, J. F. and Kapoula, Z. (eds) (2012), Visual Aspects of Dyslexia, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Author: Julian Elliott

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781474233736

Category: Education

Page: 224

View: 394

Dyslexia is often presented as a clearly delineated condition that can be diagnosed on the basis of appropriate cognitive tests with corresponding forms on intervention. However, this approachable text explores the issues behind this assertion in bringing together leading figures in the field to debate dyslexia. Julian Elliott shows that understandings and usage of the dyslexia label vary substantially with little consensus or agreement and in putting forward his critique draws upon research in several disciplinary fields to demonstrate the irrationality of these arguments. Roderick I. Nicolson demonstrates that current approaches to understanding, identification and support of dyslexia are catastrophically flawed in terms of their failure to consider the developmental nature of dyslexia. He develops two themes: first that the underlying cause of dyslexia is 'delayed neural commitment' for skills and neural circuits, and second that the cause of the reading disability is the introduction of formal instruction before the dyslexic child's neural circuits for executive function are sufficiently developed. He argues that a more effective and cost-effective approach to identification and support involves 'assessment for dyslexia' rather than 'of dyslexia'. Elliott and Nicolson respond to the points each other raise before Andrew Davis investigates how far the key claims of Elliott and Nicolson can withstand close conceptual investigation, and explores the inherent limitations of scientific research on this topic, given the value and conceptual issues concerned.
Categories: Education

Multilingualism Literacy and Dyslexia

Multilingualism  Literacy and Dyslexia

Jameson, M (1998) Visual Aspects of Dyslexia + Information Sheet on Visual Discomfort and Reading. London: Adult Dyslexia Organisation. Jameson, M. (1999) 'Dyslexic gifts - the good news', Dyslexia Contact, 18(1), 24.

Author: Lindsay Peer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136608995

Category: Education

Page: 305

View: 560

This timely book provides: current and informative guidance for practitioners involved in areas of literacy, multilingualism and dyslexia, invaluable advice on assessment and support for bilingual learners and those needing to acquire a modern foreign language, an essential text for staff development in this area, reference to innovative approaches in technology and other teaching programs beneficial to multilingual learners, advice on learning additional languages. With contributions from international practitioners and researchers, this book will provide guidance to anyone involved in literacy development, language learning and teaching
Categories: Education