Conflict and Enlightenment

Conflict and Enlightenment

But detailed study of variant translations, and the processes involved, is itself extremely labour-intensive, and for the great majority of even the major works circulating across enlightened Europe the groundwork has not been done.34 ...

Author: Thomas Munck

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521878074

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 380

View: 596

This novel study of political culture in Enlightenment Europe analyses print, public opinion and the transnational dissemination of texts.
Categories: Business & Economics

The Case for The Enlightenment

The Case for The Enlightenment

... their thinking tended in return to be more practical and less critical.57 It has been argued too that the 'national' character of the Enlightenment in Germany was evident in the translation and reception offoreign books: concepts ...

Author: John Robertson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139448079

Category: Political Science

Page:

View: 500

The Case for the Enlightenment is a comparative study of the emergence of Enlightenment in Scotland and in Naples. Challenging the tendency to fragment the Enlightenment in eighteenth-century Europe into multiple Enlightenments, the distinguished intellectual historian John Robertson demonstrates the extent to which thinkers in two societies at the opposite ends of Europe shared common intellectual preoccupations. Before 1700, Scotland and Naples faced a bleak future as backward, provincial kingdoms in a Europe of aggressive commercial states. Yet by 1760, Scottish and Neapolitan thinkers were in the van of those advocating the cause of Enlightenment by means of political economy. By studying the social and institutional contexts of intellectual life in the two countries, and the currents of thought promoted within them, The Case for the Enlightenment explains this transformation. John Robertson pays particular attention to the greatest thinkers in each country, David Hume and Giambattista Vico.
Categories: Political Science

The Postcolonial Enlightenment

The Postcolonial Enlightenment

For this reason we require a richer account of the methods and conclusions of Enlightenment thinking about difference before ... On the latter, see Fania Oz-Salzberger, Translating the Enlightenment: Scottish Civic Discourse in ...

Author: Daniel Carey

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191607813

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 392

View: 746

Over the last thirty years, postcolonial critiques of European imperial practices have transformed our understanding of colonial ideology, resistance, and cultural contact. The Enlightenment has played a complex but often unacknowledged role in this discussion, alternately reviled and venerated as the harbinger of colonial dominion and avatar of liberation, as target and shield, as shadow and light. This volume brings together two arenas - eighteenth-century studies and postcolonial theory - in order to interrogate the role and reputation of Enlightenment in the context of early European colonial ambitions and postcolonial interrogations of Western imperial aspirations. With essays by leading scholars in the field, Postcolonial Enlightenment address issues central not only to literature and philosophy but also to natural history, religion, law, and the emerging sciences of man. The contributors situate a range of writers - from Hobbes and Herder, Behn and Burke, to Defoe and Diderot - in relation both to eighteenth-century colonial practices and to key concepts within current postcolonial theory concerning race, globalization, human rights, sovereignty, and national and personal identity. By enlarging the temporal and geographic framework through which we read, the essays in this volume open up alternate genealogies for categories, events and ideas central to the emergence of global modernity.
Categories: Literary Criticism

The Cambridge Companion to the Scottish Enlightenment

The Cambridge Companion to the Scottish Enlightenment

Narratives of Enlightenment: Cosmopolitan Historyfrom Voltaire to Gibbon. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997 OzSalzberger, Fania. Translating the Enlightenment: ScottishCivic Discourse inEighteenthCentury Germany.

Author: Alexander Broadie

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139826563

Category: Philosophy

Page:

View: 254

The Cambridge Companion to the Scottish Enlightenment offers a philosophical perspective on an eighteenth-century movement that has been profoundly influential on western culture. A distinguished team of contributors examines the writings of David Hume, Adam Smith, Thomas Reid, Adam Ferguson, Colin Maclaurin and other Scottish thinkers, in fields including philosophy, natural theology, economics, anthropology, natural science and law. In addition, the contributors relate the Scottish Enlightenment to its historical context and assess its impact and legacy in Europe, America and beyond. The result is a comprehensive and accessible volume that illuminates the richness, the intellectual variety and the underlying unity of this important movement. It will be of interest to a wide range of readers in philosophy, theology, literature and the history of ideas.
Categories: Philosophy

Cameralism and the Enlightenment

Cameralism and the Enlightenment

What principal conclusions can we draw after we consider translations made between 1763–1802, study the history of ... Translating these books into Russian demonstrated how enlightened the commissioners were, but this indeed was the ...

Author: Ere Nokkala

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000762037

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 368

View: 524

Cameralism and the Enlightenment reassesses the relationship between two key phenomena of European history often disconnected from each other. It builds on recent insights from global history, transnational history and Enlightenment studies to reflect on the dynamic interactions of cameralism, an early modern set of practices and discourses of statecraft prominent in central Europe, with the broader political, intellectual and cultural developments of the Enlightenment world. Through contributions from prominent scholars across the field of Enlightenment studies, the volume analyzes eighteenth-century cameralist authors’ engagements with commerce, colonialism and natural law. Challenging the caricature of cameralism as a German, land-locked version of mercantilism, the volume reframes its importance for scholars of the Enlightenment broadly conceived. This volume goes beyond the typical focus on Britain and France in studies of political economy, widening perspectives about the dissemination of ideas of governance, happiness and reform to focus on multidirectional exchanges across continental Europe and beyond during the eighteenth century. Emphasizing the practice of theory, it proposes the study of the porosity of ideas in their exchange, transmission and mediation between spaces and discourses as a key dimension of cultural and intellectual history.
Categories: Business & Economics

The Books that Made the European Enlightenment

The Books that Made the European Enlightenment

New York: Doubleday, 1917. Oz-Salzberger, Fania. Translating the Enlightenment: Scottish Civic Discourse in Eighteenth-Century Germany. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995. Pagden, Anthony. The Enlightenment: And Why It Still Matters.

Author: Gary Kates

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781350277670

Category: History

Page: 350

View: 151

In contrast to traditional Enlightenment studies that focus solely on authors and ideas, Gary Kates' employs a literary lens to offer a wholly original history of the period in Europe from 1699 to 1780. Each chapter is a biography of a book which tells the story of the text from its inception through to the revolutionary era, with wider aspects of the Enlightenment era being revealed through the narrative of the book's publication and reception. Here, Kates joins new approaches to book history with more traditional intellectual history by treating authors, publishers, and readers in a balanced fashion throughout. Using a unique database of 18th-century editions representing 5,000 titles, the book looks at the multifaceted significance of bestsellers from the time. It analyses key works by Voltaire, Adam Smith, Madame de Graffigny, Jean-Jacques Rousseau and David Hume and champions the importance of a crucial innovation of the age: the rise of the 'erudite blockbuster', which for the first time in European history, helped to popularize political theory among a large portion of the middling classes. Kates also highlights how, when, and why some of these books were read in the European colonies, as well as incorporating the responses of both ordinary men and women as part of the reception histories that are so integral to the volume.
Categories: History

Civilization and Enlightenment

Civilization and Enlightenment

Fukuzawa was not translating " Enlightenment " but " enlightened , " an adjective that had been used for decades as the name of a stage . 22. FZS 2 : 463-465 . 23. The last printing of the older Mitchell was in 1866 , and the first ...

Author: Albert M. Craig

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674031083

Category: Philosophy

Page: 220

View: 372

The Scottish enlightenment and the stages of civilization -- American geography textbooks -- John Hill Burton's Political economy -- Invention, the engine of progress -- An outline of theories of civilization -- Reflections.
Categories: Philosophy

Phenomenology and Aesthetics

Phenomenology and Aesthetics

Pound had been searching, and had, in fact, found this “vital something” in pre-Enlightenment poetry (in Medieval, in Provençal, in Pre-Raphaelite poetry) before he saw it in the Chinese notebooks of Ernest Fenellosa. In translating ...

Author: M. Kronegger

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400920279

Category: Philosophy

Page: 280

View: 344

and the one in the middle which judges as he enjoys and enjoys as he judges. This latter kind really reproduces the work of art anew. The division of our Symposium into three sections is justified by the fact that phenomenology, from Husserl, Heidegger, Moritz Geiger, Ingarden, in Germany and Poland, Merleau-Ponty, Paul Ricoeur, E. Levinas in France, Unamuno in Spain, and Tymieniecka, in the United States, have revealed striking coincidences in trying to answer the following questions: What is the philosophical vocation of literature? Does literature have any significance for our lives? Why does the lyric moment, present in all creative endeavors, in myth, dance, plastic art, ritual, poetry, lift the human life to a higher and authentically human level of the existential experience of man? Our investigations answer our fundamental inquiry: What makes a literary work a work of art? What makes a literary work a literary work, if not aesthetic enjoyment? As much as the formation of an aesthetic language culminates in artistic creation, the formation of a philosophical language lives within the orbit of creative imagination.
Categories: Philosophy

The Jewish Reformation

The Jewish Reformation

Bible Translation and Middle-Class German Judaism as Spiritual Enterprise Michah Gottlieb ... translating Judaism into the idiom of enlightened German culture and translating enlightened German culture into Jewish idiom.38 Mendelssohn ...

Author: Michah Gottlieb

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199336395

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 222

In the late eighteenth century, German Jews began entering the middle class with remarkable speed. That upward mobility, it has often been said, coincided with Jews' increasing alienation from religion and Jewish nationhood. In fact, Michah Gottlieb argues, this period was one of intense engagement with Jewish texts and traditions. One expression of this was the remarkable turn to Bible translation. In the century and a half beginning with Moses Mendelssohn's pioneering translation and the final one by Martin Buber and Franz Rosenzweig, German Jews produced sixteen different translations of at least the Pentateuch. Exploring Bible translations by Mendelssohn, Leopold Zunz, and Samson Raphael Hirsch, Michah Gottlieb argues that each translator sought a "reformation" of Judaism along bourgeois lines, which involved aligning Judaism with a Protestant concept of religion. Buber and Rosenzweig famously critiqued bourgeois German Judaism as a craven attempt to establish social respectability to facilitate Jews' entry into the middle class through a vapid, domesticated Judaism. But Mendelssohn, Zunz, and Hirsch saw in bourgeois values the best means to serve God and the authentic actualization of Jewish tradition. Through their learned, creative Bible translations, these scholars presented competing visions of middle-class Judaism that affirmed Jewish nationhood while lighting the path to a purposeful, emotionally-rich spiritual life grounded in ethical responsibility.
Categories: Religion

The Poetic Enlightenment

The Poetic Enlightenment

See Translating Enlightenment: Scottish Civic Discourse in Eighteenth-Century Germany (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995), pp. 57, 130–1. J. G. Herder, 'On Recent German Literature: First Collection of Fragments' (1767), ...

Author: Rowan Boyson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317319665

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 224

View: 662

The essays in this edited collection look at the role of poetry in the development of Enlightenment ideas. As scholarly disciplines began to emerge – anthropology, linguistics, psychology – the ancient art of poetry was invoked to create new ways of defining and expanding this philosophy of human science.
Categories: Literary Criticism