The Deep Hot Biosphere

The Deep Hot Biosphere

This book sets forth a set of truly controversial and astonishing theories: First, it proposes that below the surface of the earth is a biosphere of greater mass and volume than the biosphere the total sum of living things on our planet's ...

Author: Thomas Gold

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461214007

Category: Science

Page: 243

View: 368

This book sets forth a set of truly controversial and astonishing theories: First, it proposes that below the surface of the earth is a biosphere of greater mass and volume than the biosphere the total sum of living things on our planet's continents and in its oceans. Second, it proposes that the inhabitants of this subterranean biosphere are not plants or animals as we know them, but heat-loving bacteria that survive on a diet consisting solely of hydrocarbons that is, natural gas and petroleum. And third and perhaps most heretically, the book advances the stunning idea that most hydrocarbons on Earth are not the byproduct of biological debris ("fossil fuels"), but were a common constituent of the materials from which the earth itself was formed some 4.5 billion years ago. The implications are astounding. The theory proposes answers to often-asked questions: Is the deep hot biosphere where life originated, and do Mars and other seemingly barren planets contain deep biospheres? Even more provocatively, is it possible that there is an enormous store of hydrocarbons upwelling from deep within the earth that can provide us with abundant supplies of gas and petroleum? However far-fetched these ideas seem, they are supported by a growing body of evidence, and by the indisputable stature and seriousness Gold brings to any scientific debate. In this book we see a brilliant and boldly original thinker, increasingly a rarity in modern science, as he develops potentially revolutionary ideas about how our world works.
Categories: Science

Life at High Pressure

Life at High Pressure

Gold T (1992) The deep hot biosphere. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 89:6045–6049. * Gold T (2001) The deep hot biosphere. The myth of fossil fuels. Copernicus Books, Torun. * Gvirtzman Z, Strern RJ (2004) Bathymetry of Mariana ...

Author: Alister Macdonald

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030675875

Category: Science

Page: 445

View: 905

The book discusses the ways in which high hydrostatic pressure (i.e. water pressure) affects all grades of life which thrive at pressures much greater those in our normal environment. The deep sea is the best known high pressure environment, where pressures reach a thousand times greater than those at the surface, yet it is populated by a variety of animals and microorganisms. The earth’s crust supports microorganisms which live in water filled pores at high pressure. In addition, the load bearing joints of animals like ourselves experience pulses of hydrostatic pressure of a magnitude similar to the pressure at mid ocean depths. These pressures affect molecular structures and biochemical reactions. Basic cellular processes are drastically affected – the growth and division of cells, the way nerves conduct impulses and the chemical reactions which provide energy. Adaptation to high pressure also occurs in complex physiological systems such as those which provide buoyancy. Probably the greatest challenge to our understanding of adaptation to high pressure is the stabilisation of the nervous system of deep sea animals to avoid convulsions which pressure causes in shallow water animals. Additionally the book provides insight into the engineering required to study life at high pressure: equipment which can trap small deep sea animals and retrieve them at their high pressure, equivalent equipment for microorganisms, laboratory microscopes which can focus on living cells under high pressure, incubators for bacteria which require high pressure to grow, high pressure aquaria for marine animals and lastly and briefly, manned and unmanned submersible vessels, Landers and deep drill hole sampling. Rather like the organisms studied many laboratory instruments have been adapted to function at high pressure.
Categories: Science

Deep Life

Deep Life

Clearly I had misunderstood how he inferred there was a deep, hot biosphere but he good- naturedly corrected me. His evidence for the deep hot biosphere was not that the abiogenic hydrocarbons from the mantle were being eaten by the ...

Author: Tullis C. Onstott

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691096445

Category: Science

Page: 506

View: 274

APPENDIX A: Chronology of the Exploration of Subsurface Life -- APPENDIX B: Chronology of the Meeting of the U.S. DOE's SSP Meetings -- NOTES -- REFERENCES -- INDEX
Categories: Science

Carbon in Earth

Carbon in Earth

Thomas Gold and the “Deep Hot Biosphere” Early 20"-century research of the Russian-Ukrainian School, though extensive, was published in Russian and until the 1990s was largely ignored in the West. The abiotic petroleum hypothesis first ...

Author: Robert M. Hazen

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9781501508318

Category: Science

Page: 713

View: 162

Volume 75 of Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry addresses a range of questions that were articulated in May 2008 at the First Deep Carbon Cycle Workshop in Washington, DC. At that meeting 110 scientists from a dozen countries set forth the state of knowledge about Earth's carbon. They also debated the key opportunities and top objectives facing the community. Subsequent deep carbon meetings in Bejing, China (2010), Novosibirsk, Russia (2011), and Washington, DC (2012), as well as more than a dozen smaller workshops, expanded and refined the DCO's decadal goals. The 20 chapters that follow elaborate on those opportunities and objectives.
Categories: Science

Black Gold Stranglehold

Black Gold Stranglehold

CHAPTER 2 : THOMAS GOLD AND THE DEEP HOT BIOSPHERE 1. J. F. Kenney , “ Considerations About Recent Predictions of Impending Shortages of Petroleum Evaluated from the Perspective of Modern Petroleum Science , ” Energy World ( 1996 ) ...

Author: Jerome R. Corsi

Publisher: Post Hill Press

ISBN: 9781637580516

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 896

View: 271

It is estimated that Americans consume more than 25 percent of the world's oil but have control over less than 3 percent of its proven supply. This extremely unbalanced pattern of consumption makes it possible for foreign governments, corrupt political leaders, terrorist organizations, and oil conglomerates to place the citizens of the United States in a stranglehold of supply and demand. There is no greater proof of this than the direct relationship between skyrocketing gas prices and the exploding wealth of those who control the supply of oil. In Black Gold Stranglehold, Jerome R. Corsi and Craig R. Smith expose the fraudulent science that has been sold to the American people in order to enslave them: the belief that oil is a fossil fuel and a finite resource. On the contrary, this book presents authoritative research, currently known mostly in the scientific community, that oil is not a product of decaying dinosaurs and prehistoric forests. Rather, it is a natural product of the earth. The scientific evidence cited by Corsi and Smith suggests that oil is constantly being produced by the earth, far below the planet's surface, and that it is brought to attainable depths by the centrifugal forces of the earth's rotation. In great detail Corsi and Smith explore the international and domestic politics of oil production and consumption. This includes the wealth and power of major oil conglomerates, the manipulation of world economies by oil-producing states and rogue terrorist regimes, and the political agenda of radical environmentalists and conservationists who obstruct the use of oil reserves currently controlled by the U.S. government. The authors offer an understanding of the dangerous situation America faces because its currency is no longer tied to any precious and truly scarce metals such as gold, as it was until 1973. This situation could easily lead to the devastation of the U.S. economy if Middle Eastern countries are able to enact current plans to accept only the Euro or gold-backed currencies such as the Gold Dinar instead of the U.S. dollar as the standard currency for oil. Black Gold Stranglehold will dramatically change the debate about oil. The significance of its message is sure to cause thoughtful people to reconsider the current dependence of the U.S. economy on imported oil.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Seabed Fluid Flow

Seabed Fluid Flow

He suggested that there is a 'deep, hot biosphere' fed by primordial methane from deep within the planet. He argued that microbial communities at seabed vents and seeps represent the pioneers who have ventured out of the deep, ...

Author: Alan Judd

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139461603

Category: Science

Page:

View: 106

Seabed fluid flow involves the flow of gases and liquids through the seabed. Such fluids have been found to leak through the seabed into the marine environment in seas and oceans around the world - from the coasts to deep ocean trenches. This geological phenomenon has widespread implications for the sub-seabed, seabed, and marine environments. Seabed fluid flow affects seabed morphology, mineralization, and benthic ecology. Natural fluid emissions also have a significant impact on the composition of the oceans and atmosphere; and gas hydrates and hydrothermal minerals are potential future resources. This book describes seabed fluid flow features and processes, and demonstrates their importance to human activities and natural environments. It is targeted at research scientists and professionals with interests in the marine environment. Colour versions of many of the illustrations, and additional material - most notably feature location maps - can be found at www.cambridge.org/9780521819503.
Categories: Science

The Truth about Energy Global Warming and Climate Change

The Truth about Energy  Global Warming  and Climate Change

122 Equipped with the theory of the deep, hot biosphere as the solution to explain the petroleum paradox of why organic material is found in petroleum, Gold began estimation on how deep into Earth the biosphere extended and how much ...

Author: Jerome R. Corsi

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781637582794

Category: Political Science

Page: 543

View: 882

This book exposes the truth that the climate change hoax is a political movement aimed at eliminating capitalism by spreading alarming disinformation that in order to “save the Earth” from global warming, we must reduce carbon dioxide emissions by switching from hydrocarbon fuels to renewable energies. The Truth about Energy, Global Warming, and Climate Change: Exposing Climate Lies in an Age of Disinformation reveals a science-based understanding of Earth’s climate and temperature that Green New Deal proponents are trying to hide. In the pages of this book, you will see scientifically documented evidence for many facts that the radical left denies. Want to know the truth about how energy, temperature, and climate work? Read The Truth about Energy, Global Warming, and Climate Change—but prepare to be shocked. Jerome R. Corsi has conducted a tour-de-force examination of peer-reviewed climate science that exposes the neo-Marxists behind today’s anti-capitalist global warming hoax.
Categories: Political Science

The Alchemy of Nine Dimensions

The Alchemy of Nine Dimensions

In The Deep Hot Biosphere (1999), written by the brilliant twentieth- century scientist Thomas Gold, the entire crust down to several miles is found to be populated with living creatures that have been examined in deep ocean vents and ...

Author: Barbara Hand Clow

Publisher: Hampton Roads Publishing

ISBN: 9781612831015

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 320

View: 944

This is a revised and expanded edition of Barbara and Gerry Clow’s classic 2004 text. This sequel to the bestselling underground classic The Pleiadian Agenda outlines their theory of the nine dimensions of human consciousness and how those nine dimensions have become essential to our evolutionary survival. Incorporating the research and insight of the Swedish biologist Carl Calleman, the Clows demonstrate how recent scientific discoveries validate their theories. The existence of the nine dimensions of human consciousness can be proved by science. The most controversial aspect of this book is their exploration of the Mayan prophecies. Counter to much of the prevailing opinion, the fulfillment of the prophecies will not result in the Apocalypse, but will usher in a new and expanded era of human consciousness. They also assert that the beginning of this new era begins not on December 21, 2012—but on October 28, 2011—making the time of the great shift in consciousness just around the corner. Provocative and informative, the Clows have provided an explanation and roadmap for the future. It will be embraced by all who are interested in the evolution of human consciousness.
Categories: Body, Mind & Spirit

Energy Technology and Directions for the Future

Energy Technology and Directions for the Future

These microbes, notably bacteria and archaea, grow at hot, deep ocean vents and can feed on hydrogen, ... One biosphere is the surface biosphere and includes life that lives on the continents and in the seas on the crust of the earth.

Author: John R. Fanchi, PhD

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080470085

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 491

View: 688

Energy Technology and Directions for the Future presents the fundamentals of energy for scientists and engineers. It is a survey of energy sources that will be available for use in the 21st century energy mix. The reader will learn about the history and science of several energy sources as well as the technology and social significance of energy. Themes in the book include thermodynamics, electricity distribution, geothermal energy, fossil fuels, solar energy, nuclear energy, alternate energy (wind, water, biomass), energy and society, energy and the environment, sustainable development, the hydrogen economy, and energy forecasting. The approach is designed to present an intellectually rich and interesting text that is also practical.This is accomplished by introducing basic concepts in the context of energy technologies and, where appropriate, in historical context. Scientific concepts are used to solve concrete engineering problems. The technical level of presentation presumes that readers have completed college level physics with calculus and mathematics through calculus of several variables. The selection of topics is designed to provide the reader with an introduction to the language, concepts and techniques used in all major energy components that are expected to contribute to the 21st century energy mix. Future energy professionals will need to understand the origin and interactions of these energy components to thrive in an energy industry that is evolving from an industry dominated by fossil fuels to an industry working with many energy sources. Presents the fundamentals of energy production for engineers, scientists, engineering professors, students, and anyone in the field who needs a technical discussion of energy topics. Provides engineers with a valuable expanded knowledge base using the U.S. National Academy of Sciences content standards. Examines the energy options for the twenty-first century as older energy sources quickly become depleted.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

But, as we approach the hot interior of the Earth, temperature increases with depth. The Alaskan bacteria were living at 110°C! Evidence has accumulated that there is a “deep hot biosphere,” as named by American scientist Thomas Gold.

Author:

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119539506

Category:

Page: 898

View: 536

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