Saint Cicero and the Jesuits

Saint Cicero and the Jesuits

162 Furthermore, O'Malley has pointed out how the popular among humanists Cicero's On Duties may have influenced the ... The second generation of Jesuits may well have been attracted to the figure of Cicero, who combined his civic ...

Author: Robert Aleksander Maryks

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317059769

Category: History

Page: 201

View: 437

In this commanding study, Dr Maryks offers a detailed analysis of early modern Jesuit confessional manuals to explore the order's shifting attitudes to confession and conscience. Drawing on his census of Jesuit penitential literature published between 1554 and 1650, he traces in these works a subtly shifting theology influenced by both theology and classical humanism. In particular, the roles of 'Tutiorism' (whereby an individual follows the law rather than the instinct of their own conscience) and 'Probabilism' (which conversely gives priority to the individual's conscience) are examined. It is argued that for most of the sixteenth century, books such as Juan Alfonso de Polanco's Directory for Confessors espousing a Tutiorist line dominated the market for Jesuit confessional manuals until the seventeenth century, by which time Probabilism had become the dominating force in Jesuit theology. What caused this switch, from Tutiorism to Probablism, forms the central thesis of Dr Maryks' book. He believes that as a direct result of the Jesuits adoption of a new ministry of educating youth in the late 1540s, Jesuit schoolmasters were compelled to engage with classical culture, many aspects of which would have resonated with their own concepts of spirituality. In particular Ciceronian humanitas and civiltà, along with rhetorical principles of accommodation, influenced Jesuit thinking in the revolutionary transition from medieval Tutiorism to modern Probabilism. By integrating concepts of theology, classical humanism and publishing history, this book offers a compelling account of how diverse forces could act upon a religious order to alter the central beliefs it held and promulgated. This book is published in conjunction with the Jesuit Historical Institute series 'Bibliotheca Instituti Historici Societatis Iesu'.
Categories: History

Friendship and Hospitality

Friendship and Hospitality

John W. O'Malley, introduction to The Jesuits II: Cultures, Sciences, and the Arts, 1540–1773, ed. ... See Maryks, Saint Cicero and the Jesuits: The Influence of the Liberal Arts on the Adoption of Moral Probabilism (Burlington, ...

Author: Dongfeng Xu

Publisher: State University of New York Press

ISBN: 9781438484969

Category: History

Page: 371

View: 184

Offers a comparative and deconstructive reading of the cross-cultural encounter between the Jesuits and their Confucian hosts in late Ming China. The Jesuit mission to China more than four hundred years ago has been the subject of sustained scholarly investigation for centuries. Focusing on the concepts of friendship and hospitality as they were both theorized and practiced by the Jesuit missionaries and their Confucian hosts, this book offers a new, comparative, and deconstructive reading of the interaction between these two vastly different cultures. Dongfeng Xu analyzes how the Jesuits presented their concept of friendship to achieve their evangelical goals and how the Confucians reacted in turn by either displaying or denying hospitality. Challenging the hierarchical view in traditional discourse on friendship and hospitality by revealing the irreducible otherness as the condition of possibility of the two concepts, Xu argues that one legacy of the Jesuit-Confucian encounter has been the shared recognition that cultural differences are what both motivated and conditioned cross-cultural exchanges and understandings. Dongfeng Xu is Assistant Professor of Chinese at Colgate University.
Categories: History

The Jesuits

The Jesuits

Maryks, Saint Cicero and the Jesuits, 72. Ibid., 87. Ibid., 105: hence the “Saint Cicero” of his book's title. The Paris edition of the Augustinuscontained an appendix, not written by Jansen, claiming that all who died without baptism, ...

Author: Michael Walsh

Publisher: Canterbury Press

ISBN: 9781786221988

Category: Religion

Page: 289

View: 297

The Society of Jesus – the Jesuits – is the largest religious order in the Roman Catholic Church. Distinguished by their obedience and their loyalty to the Holy See, they have never, during nearly five hundred years’ history, produced a pope until now: Pope Francis is the first Jesuit Pope. Michael Walsh tells the story of the Society through the stories and exploits of its members over five hundred years, from Ignatius of Loyola to Pope Francis himself. He explores the Jesuits' commitment to humanist philosophy, which over the centuries has set it at odds with the Vatican, as well as the hostility towards the Jesuits both on the part of Protestants and also Roman Catholics - a hostility which led one pope to attempt to suppress the Society worldwide towards the end of the eighteenth century. Drawing on the author’s extensive inside knowledge, this narrative history traces the Society’s founding and growth, its impact on Catholic education, its missions especially in the Far East and Latin America, its progressive theology, its clashes with the Vatican, and the emergence of Jorge Bergoglio, the first Jesuit to become Pope. Finally, it reflects on the Society's present character and contemporary challenges.
Categories: Religion

Jesuit Philosophy on the Eve of Modernity

Jesuit Philosophy on the Eve of Modernity

Indeed, by blending the Aristotelian view on the role of rhetoric with Cicero's insistence on the epistemological ... 1988), 87–8, 164–75; and Robert A. Maryks, Saint Cicero and the Jesuits: The Influence of the Liberal Arts on the ...

Author: Cristiano Casalini

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004394414

Category: Philosophy

Page: 473

View: 911

In Jesuit Philosophy on the Eve of Modernity Cristiano Casalini collects eighteen contributions by renowned specialists to track the existence and distinctiveness of Jesuit philosophy during the first century since the inception of the order.
Categories: Philosophy

The Jesuit Order As a Synagogue of Jews

The Jesuit Order As a Synagogue of Jews

Jesuits of Jewish Ancestry and Purity-of-Blood Laws in the Early Society of Jesus Robert A. Maryks ... such as Hernando de Talavera (1428–1507),34 Joan Lluís Vives (1492–1540),35 30 See Robert A. Maryks, Saint Cicero and the Jesuits.

Author: Robert A. Maryks

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004179813

Category: History

Page: 316

View: 665

In "The Jesuit Order as a Synagogue of Jews" the author explains how Christians with Jewish family backgrounds went within less than forty years from having a leading role in the foundation of the Society of Jesus to being prohibited from membership in it. The author works at the intersection to two important historical topics, each of which attracts considerable scholarly attention but that have never received sustained and careful attention together, namely, the early modern histories of the Jesuit order and of Iberian purity of blood concerns. An analysis of the pro- and anti-converso texts in this book (both in terms of what they are claiming and what their limits are) advance our understanding of early modern, institutional Catholicism at the intersection of early modern religious reform and the new racism developing in Spain and spreading outwards.
Categories: History

Jesuit Image Theory

Jesuit Image Theory

Mastery of languages was a constant part of Jesuit preaching, necessary as well to accomplish all their ministries ... 22 Maryks R.A., Saint Cicero and the Jesuits: The Influence of the Liberal Arts on the Adoption of Moral Probabilism ...

Author: Wietse de Boer

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004319127

Category: History

Page: 517

View: 347

This volume investigates how Jesuits reflected visually and verbally on the status and functions of the imago, between the foundation of the order in 1540 and its suppression in 1773, in rhetorical and emblematic treatises, theoretical debates, and embedded in various instances where Jesuit authors and artists implicitely explored the status and functions of images.
Categories: History

Encounters between Jesuits and Protestants in Asia and the Americas

Encounters between Jesuits and Protestants in Asia and the Americas

Saint Cicero and the Jesuits: The Influence of the Liberal Arts on the Adoption of Moral Probabilism. Farnham: Ashgate, 2008. McGreevy, John T. Catholicism and American Freedom: A History. New York: W.W. Norton, 2003.

Author: Jorge Cañizares-Esguerra

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004373822

Category: Religion

Page: 375

View: 135

The present volume is a result of an international symposium on the encounters between Jesuits and Protestants in Asia and the Americas, which organized by Boston College’s Institute for Advanced Jesuit Studies in June 2017.
Categories: Religion

Reformations

Reformations

Manfred Barthel, Jesuits: History & Legend of the Society of Jesus. ... John W. O'Malley, Saints or Devils Incarnate? ... Robert A. Maryks, Saint Cicero and the Jesuits: The Influence of the Liberal Arts on the Adoption of Moral ...

Author: Carlos M. N. Eire

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300111927

Category: Civilization, Western

Page: 914

View: 875

TWENTY-THREE. The Age of Devils -- TWENTY-FOUR. The Age of Reasonable Doubt -- TWENTY-FIVE. The Age of Outcomes -- TWENTY-SIX. The Spirit of the Age -- EPILOGUE. Assessing the Reformations -- Notes -- Bibliography -- Illustration Credits -- Index -- A -- B -- C -- D -- E -- F -- G -- H -- I -- J -- K -- L -- M -- N -- O -- P -- Q -- R -- S -- T -- U -- V -- W -- X -- Z
Categories: Civilization, Western

A Voluntary Exile

A Voluntary Exile

Ruggieri's description of Chinese and his efforts at learning it were described in a letter he sent to the Jesuit ... See Aleksander Maryks, Saint Cicero and the Jesuits: The Influence of the Liberal Arts on the Adoption of Moral ...

Author: Anthony E. Clark

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781611461497

Category: History

Page: 238

View: 276

Western missionaries in China were challenged by something they could not have encountered in their native culture; most Westerners were Christian, and competitions in their own countries were principally denominational. Once they entered China they unwittingly became spiritual merchants who marketed Christianity as only one religion among the long-established purveyors of other religions, such as the masters of Buddhist and Daoist rites. A Voluntary Exile explores the convergence of cultures. This collection of new and insightful research considers themes of religious encounter and accommodation in China from 1552 to the present, and confronts how both Western Europeans and indigenous Chinese mitigated the cultural and religious antagonisms that resulted from cultural misunderstanding. The studies in this work identify areas where missionary accommodation in China has succeeded and failed, and offers new insights into what contributed to cultural conflict and confluence. Each essay responds in some way to the “accommodationist” approach of Western missionaries and Christianity, focusing on new areas of inquiry. For example, Michael Maher, SJ, considers the educational and religious formation of Matteo Ricci prior to his travels to China, and how Ricci’s intellectual approach was connected to his so-called “accommodationist method” during the late Ming. Eric Cunningham explores the hackneyed assertion that Francis Xavier’s mission to Asia was a “failure” due to his low conversion rates, suggesting that Xavier’s “failure” instigated the entire Chinese missionary enterprise of the 16th and 17th centuries. And, Liu Anrong confronts the hybridization of popular Chinese folk religion with Catholicism in Shanxi province. The voices in this work derive from divergent scholarly methodologies based on new research, and provide the reader a unique encounter with a variety of disciplinary views. This unique volume reaches across oceans, cultures, political systems, and religious traditions to provide important new research on the complexities of cultural encounters between China and the West.
Categories: History

Francisco Su rez 1548 1617

Francisco Su  rez  1548   1617

26 For the early Jesuit understanding of Cicero as a model of civic virtue, see Robert Aleksander Maryks, Saint Cicero and the Jesuits: The Influence of the Liberal Arts on the Adoption of Moral Probabilism (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2008), ...

Author: Robert Aleksander Maryks

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004395657

Category: Philosophy

Page: 556

View: 595

This is a bilingual edition of the selected peer-reviewed papers that were submitted for the International Symposium on Jesuit Studies on the thought of the Jesuit Francisco Suárez (1548–1617). The symposium was co-organized in Seville in 2018 by the Departamento de Humanidades y Filosofía at Universidad Loyola Andalucía and the Institute for Advanced Jesuit Studies at Boston College.
Categories: Philosophy