Rates of Chemical Weathering of Rocks and Minerals

Rates of Chemical Weathering of Rocks and Minerals

Researchers in geomorphology, geochemistry, quaternary geology, soil science, and mineralogy will welcome this volume, the first to focus exclusively on rates of silicate chemical weathering.

Author: Steven M. Colman

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: UVA:X001262984

Category: Science

Page: 603

View: 811

Researchers in geomorphology, geochemistry, quaternary geology, soil science, and mineralogy will welcome this volume, the first to focus exclusively on rates of silicate chemical weathering. Consisting largely of previously unpublished data from six countries, the volume examines the latest experimental, modelling, and field results. New information is presented on topics of current research interest, including inferences about chemical mechanisms at the level of mineral surfaces, and data relating weathering rates to landscape evolution over millions of years. The volume integrates the variety of approaches used by diverse subdisciplines in the assessment of weathering rates, and provides up-to-date references.
Categories: Science

Chemical Weathering Rates of Silicate Minerals

Chemical Weathering Rates of Silicate Minerals

Finally this volume serves as a forum in which suggestions and speculations concerning the direction of future weathering research are discussed.

Author: Arthur F. White

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9781501509650

Category: Science

Page: 599

View: 810

Volume 31 of Reviews in Mineralogy reviews current thinking on the fundamental processes that control chemical weathering of silicates, including the physical chemistry of reactions at mineral surfaces, the role of experimental design in isolating and quantifying these reactions, and the complex roles that water chemistry, hydrology, biology, and climate play in weathering of natural systems. The chapters in this volume are arranged to parallel this order of development from theoretical considerations to experimental studies to characterization of natural systems. Secondly, the book is meant to serve as a reference from which researchers can readily retrieve quantitative weathering rate data for specific minerals under detailed experimental controls or for natural weathering conditions. Toward this objective, the authors were encouraged to tabulate available weathering rate data for their specific topics. Finally this volume serves as a forum in which suggestions and speculations concerning the direction of future weathering research are discussed.
Categories: Science

Rates of Chemical Weathering of Rocks and Minerals

Rates of Chemical Weathering of Rocks and Minerals

B. CONTROLS ON Mass Loss RATE > This geochemical mass balance provides evidence that most of the dissolved solids are derived from the lower part of the saprolite or the weathered rock zone . Thus , the flux of water through that ...

Author: Steven M. Colman

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: MINN:319510006297515

Category: Science

Page: 603

View: 594

Researchers in geomorphology, geochemistry, quaternary geology, soil science, and mineralogy will welcome this volume, the first to focus exclusively on rates of silicate chemical weathering. Consisting largely of previously unpublished data from six countries, the volume examines the latest experimental, modelling, and field results. New information is presented on topics of current research interest, including inferences about chemical mechanisms at the level of mineral surfaces, and data relating weathering rates to landscape evolution over millions of years. The volume integrates the variety of approaches used by diverse subdisciplines in the assessment of weathering rates, and provides up-to-date references.
Categories: Science

The Origin of Clay Minerals in Soils and Weathered Rocks

The Origin of Clay Minerals in Soils and Weathered Rocks

... precipitation rates. Rev Mineral Geochem 31:23–86 Lee MR, Parsons I (1995) Microtextural controls of weathering of perthitic alkali feldpars. ... In: Coleman SM, Dethier DP (eds) Rates of chemical weathering of rocks and minerals.

Author: Bruce B. Velde

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540756347

Category: Science

Page: 406

View: 416

Of huge relevance in a number of fields, this is a survey of the different processes of soil clay mineral formation and the consequences of these processes concerning the soil ecosystem, especially plant and mineral. Two independent systems form soil materials. The first is the interaction of rocks and water, unstable minerals adjusting to surface conditions. The second is the interaction of the biosphere with clays in the upper parts of alteration profiles.
Categories: Science

Encyclopedia of Environmental Change

Encyclopedia of Environmental Change

SHD [See also AGGRESSIVE WATER, BIOLOGICAL WEATHERING, KARST, WEATHERING] 155 CHEMOSYNTHESIS Colman SM and Dethier DP (eds) (1986) Rates of chemical weathering of rocks and minerals. Orlando, FL: Academic Press. Drever JE (ed.) ...

Author: John A Matthews

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781446264881

Category: Nature

Page: 1496

View: 831

Accessibly written by a team of international authors, the Encyclopedia of Environmental Change provides a gateway to the complex facts, concepts, techniques, methodology and philosophy of environmental change. This three-volume set illustrates and examines topics within this dynamic and rapidly changing interdisciplinary field. The encyclopedia includes all of the following aspects of environmental change: Diverse evidence of environmental change, including climate change and changes on land and in the oceans Underlying natural and anthropogenic causes and mechanisms Wide-ranging local, regional and global impacts from the polar regions to the tropics Responses of geo-ecosystems and human-environmental systems in the face of past, present and future environmental change Approaches, methodologies and techniques used for reconstructing, dating, monitoring, modelling, projecting and predicting change Social, economic and political dimensions of environmental issues, environmental conservation and management and environmental policy Over 4,000 entries explore the following key themes and more: Conservation Demographic change Environmental management Environmental policy Environmental security Food security Glaciation Green Revolution Human impact on environment Industrialization Landuse change Military impacts on environment Mining and mining impacts Nuclear energy Pollution Renewable resources Solar energy Sustainability Tourism Trade Water resources Water security Wildlife conservation The comprehensive coverage of terminology includes layers of entries ranging from one-line definitions to short essays, making this an invaluable companion for any student of physical geography, environmental geography or environmental sciences.
Categories: Nature

Weathering and the Riverine Denudation of Continents

Weathering and the Riverine Denudation of Continents

They develop by intensive and long-lasting weathering of the underlying parent rock. Mafics: A silicate mineral or ... In: Colman SM, Dethier DP (eds) Rates of chemical weathering of rocks and minerals. Academic Press, London Cox R, ...

Author: Pedro José Depetris

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400777170

Category: Science

Page: 95

View: 670

In this monograph the authors present an overview of the state-of-the-art and use examples or case histories to illustrate the combined role of rock decay and rivers on continental denudation. The Earth’s surface dynamics would not be conceivable without the fundamental component of rock weathering and the subsequent transport of solid debris and dissolved components to the coastal ocean through riverine drainage pathways. In other words, continental wear away is highly dependent on the mechanisms that control mineral decay. Moreover, besides the significant role played by rivers in shaping the Earth’s outer skin, there is the important function that rivers perform in all geochemical cycles, mediating between the lithosphere, the hydrosphere, the biosphere and the hydrosphere. Drainage basins and the weathering of rocks that occur therein may be significant sources (or sinks) of carbon dioxide and, hence, play a significant role in affecting the Earth’s climate.
Categories: Science

Handbook of Research on Trends and Digital Advances in Engineering Geology

Handbook of Research on Trends and Digital Advances in Engineering Geology

Quantification of rock control in geomorphology. Earth-Science Reviews, 159, 374–387. doi:10.1016/j.earscirev.2016.06.012 Steven, M., Colman, M. S., & Dethier, D. P. (1996). Rates of Chemical Weathering of Rocks and Minerals (1st ed.).

Author: Ceryan, Nurcihan

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781522527107

Category: Science

Page: 765

View: 512

Engineering geologists face the task of addressing geological factors that can affect planning with little time and with few resources. A solution is using the right tools to save time searching for answers and devote attention to making critical engineering decisions. The Handbook of Research on Trends and Digital Advances in Engineering Geology is an essential reference source for the latest research on new trends, technology, and computational methods that can model engineering phenomena automatically. Featuring exhaustive coverage on a broad range of topics and perspectives such as acoustic energy, landslide mapping, and natural hazards, this publication is ideally designed for academic scientists, industry and applied researchers, and policy and decision makers seeking current research on new tools to aid in timely decision-making of critical engineering situations.
Categories: Science

Advanced Geography

Advanced Geography

Unlike The acid and hydroxyl are removed in the solution leaving kaolin mechanical weathering , chemical weathering is most effective behind as the end - product . Other minerals in the granite , such as below the surface , since ...

Author: Garrett Nagle

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199134073

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 464

View: 680

Written to meet the requirements of the new geography A-Level syllabuses, this volume explains difficult theories and concepts, and examines key issues and controversies. It includes case studies and over 1000 sample questions.
Categories: Juvenile Nonfiction

Encyclopedia of Soil Science

Encyclopedia of Soil Science

Empirical data from both available studies and the geological past indicate that chemical weathering rates are indeed ... [4] In general, continental igneous rocks with more felsic minerals weather at about half the rate of volcanic ...

Author: Rattan Lal

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781000031416

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 2804

View: 448

New and Improved Global Edition: Three-Volume Set A ready reference addressing a multitude of soil and soil management concerns, the highly anticipated and widely expanded third edition of Encyclopedia of Soil Science now spans three volumes and covers ground on a global scale. A definitive guide designed for both coursework and self-study, this latest version describes every branch of soil science and delves into trans-disciplinary issues that focus on inter-connectivity or the nexus approach. For Soil Scientists, Crop Scientists, Plant Scientists and More A host of contributors from around the world weigh in on underlying themes relevant to natural and agricultural ecosystems. Factoring in a rapidly changing climate and a vastly growing population, they sound off on topics that include soil degradation, climate change, soil carbon sequestration, food and nutritional security, hidden hunger, water quality, non-point source pollution, micronutrients, and elemental transformations. New in the Third Edition: Contains over 600 entries Offers global geographical and thematic coverage Entries peer reviewed by subject experts Addresses current issues of global significance Encyclopedia of Soil Science, Third Edition: Three Volume Set expertly explains the science of soil and describes the material in terms that are easily accessible to researchers, students, academicians, policy makers, and laymen alike. Also Available Online This Taylor & Francis encyclopedia is also available through online subscription, offering a variety of extra benefits for researchers, students, and librarians, including: Citation tracking and alerts Active reference linking Saved searches and marked lists HTML and PDF format options Contact Taylor and Francis for more information or to inquire about subscription options and print/online combination packages. US: (Tel) 1.888.318.2367; (E-mail) [email protected] International: (Tel) +44 (0) 20 7017 6062; (E-mail) [email protected]
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Quantitative Diagenesis Recent Developments and Applications to Reservoir Geology

Quantitative Diagenesis  Recent Developments and Applications to Reservoir Geology

Rates of Chemical Weathering of Rocks and Minerals, Academic Press, Orlando, pp. 551-590. Purvis, K. and Wright, V.P. (1991) “Calcretes related to phreatophytic vegetation from the Middle Triassic Otter Sandstone of South West England', ...

Author: A. Parker

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401101899

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 226

Reservoirs generally consist of sandstones or carbonates exhibiting heterogeneities caused by a wide range of factors. Some of these formed depositionally (e.g. as channels, palaeosols, clay seams or salts), others may be diagenetic in origin (e.g. carbonate or silica cemented zones, authigenic clays, karstic surfaces). The severity with which diagenesis affects rock systems results from the interplay between the diagenetic process itself and the timescale over which it operated. The book provides a wide-ranging overview of diagenetic processes and responses in calcareous, argillaceous, arenaceous and carbon-rich (microbial and organic) sedimentary systems. It introduces diagenetic concepts, reviews existing knowledge, and shows how existing qualitative approaches might be developed in more quantitative ways. Several chapters consider mass balance calculations and the temporal and spatial aspects of diagenetic processes. It is unique, as a textbook, in providing such a breadth of diagenetic subject range and such depth of coverage in each topic. It provides a source reference for advanced students and professionals active in reservoir and aquifer studies.
Categories: Science