Akhtab , their evil genius , or Ka'b Ibn Asad , their chief , or the two together , who presented the clan with three possible courses of action : to submit to Muḥammad and become converts to His Faith ; to defy Muḥammad and fight to ...
Author: Nabil Abdus-Salam HarounPublish On: 2011-01-01
This is a basic self-study course of Islam.
Author: Nabil Abdus-Salam Haroun
Publisher: Al Manhal
This is a basic self-study course of Islam. Islam, the last of the messages of Allah, the Creator, to mankind, is a universal guidance to the human race everywhere, up to the end of time. Islamic teachings are embodied in the Holy Qur’an, the Word of Allah, revealed to the Seal of Messengers, Muhammad (peace be upon him). The Prophet’s teachings and life are considered to be a detailed interpretation and a human model for the message. This book features a comprehensive outline of the knowledge essential for every muslim. The outlines are essentially translated summaries of twelve Arabic textbooks. They cover a broad spectrum of Islamic knowledge, grouped in six parts: faith, sources, worship, conduct, law, and prophet's biography.
3 See further Reeves, M. (2000), Muhammad in Europe (Reading: Garnet); Nielsen, J. (1994), Islam and Europe (Birmingham: Center ... text on this subject see Balyuzi, H. (1976), Muhammad and the Course of Islam (Oxford: George Ronald).
Author: Mark Downes
Category: Political Science
This title was first published in 2002. As Iran enters into the third decade since the 1979 revolution, the prospect of socio-political unrest remains ever present. Iran's political structure, its version of Islamic governance and the role of pluralism across all aspects of Iranian society are being questioned openly and defiantly. What this will mean for the future of Iran's theological system of governance and its current social structure remains to be seen. This work examines the roots of Iran's current unrest in the context of the post-revolutionary social and political structure, and the goals and aspirations of the 1979 revolutionaries. It provides in-depth commentary on contemporary Iranian society and the Islamic movement emerging from Khomeini's interpretation of Islamic governance and gauges the response of Iran to the pragmatic realities of the international system. Â Readers in Islamic studies, international studies and Middle Eastern politics both at undergraduate and postgraduate levels will find this book an invaluable tool.
... Elijah Muhammad was, of course, dependent on many sources: instruction from Fard Muhammad, personal contact with other Muslims (and the literature of the Islamic Mission Movement of America), and various other Christian writings and ...
Author: Herbert Berg
Publisher: NYU Press
Category: Biography & Autobiography
This work contextualizes Elijah Muhammad and his religious approach within the larger Islamic tradition. It explores his use of the Qur'an, his interpretation of Islam, and his relationships with other Muslims.
The book concludes with appendices in which Nagel summarizes the state of scholarship regarding the life of Muhammad (Appendix 2) and the tensions between competing varieties of Muslim recollection of Muhammad (Appendix 3).
Author: Tilman Nagel
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Combining vast erudition with a refusal to bow before the political pressures of the day, Muhammad’s Mission: Religion, Politics, and Power at the Birth of Islam by Professor Tilman Nagel, one of the world’s leading authorities on Islam, is an introduction to three inseparable topics: the life of Muhammad (570-632 CE), the composition of the Koran, and the birth of Islam. While accessible to a general audience, it will also be of great interest to specialists, since it is the first English translation of Professor Nagel’s attempt to summarize a lifetime of research on these topics. The Introduction, Chapters 1-2, and Appendix 1 provide essential historical background on the Arab tribal system and Muhammad’s position within that system; the political situation in pre-Islamic Arabia; the history of Mecca; and pre-Islamic Arabian religions. Chapters 3-5 cover the beginnings of the revelations that Muhammad claimed to be receiving from Allah, paying special attention to the influence on Muhammad of the hanifs, a group of pre-Islamic pagan monotheists attested in the earliest Islamic sources. The hanifs claimed to trace their religion back to the putative original monotheism of Abraham, from which they claimed Jews and Christians had deviated by, among other things, abandoning animal sacrifice. Chapter 6 explains how Muhammad’s religious message included a thinly-veiled claim to have the right to political power over Mecca, a claim that exacerbated tensions with his own clan and led eventually to his expulsion from Mecca, as recounted in Chapter 7. Chapters 8-10 describe the impact of the hijra on the evolution of Islam. Seeing himself as the true heir to Abraham and the prophets who followed him, Muhammad would demand allegiance from Jews and Christians, as recounted in Sura 2 and other Medinan suras. He would initiate a war against Mecca, not in self-defense, but in order to gain control over the Kaaba, the central hanif shrine and the new qibla or direction of prayer for the Muslims. The Muslim victory at the Battle of Badr in 624 would help to shape a new ideal of a militarized religiosity in which those who waged war under Muhammad’s command would attain the rank of “true believers,” while those converts who refused to make hijra and to fight for Muhammad were relegated to the lower rank of “mere Muslims,” as Suras 8 and 49 make clear. Muhammad’s war against Mecca alienated many of his Medinan followers, the ansar. The refusal of the Jews to convert to Islam, combined with the close connection of the Jews to the ansar, led Muhammad to make war on the Jews as well as the Meccans. The surrender of Mecca in 630 (Chapter 11) did not lead to the end of war, for the aggressiveness and military success of Muhammad’s movement had made it attractive to a slew of new converts whose desire for booty had to be placated. Sura 9, promulgated near the end of Muhammad’s life, served as a broad declaration of war against polytheists, Jews, and Christians. Chapter 12 describes the evolution of Islam late in Muhammad’s life into a “religious warriors’ movement” that sought to extend the rule of Islam over the entire inhabited world. Chapter 13 covers the final pilgrimage and death of Muhammad, while Chapters 14-20 describe the development of Islamic dogma surrounding the figure of Muhammad and its implications for politics in the Islamic world and interfaith relations with non-Muslims up till the present day. The book concludes with appendices in which Nagel summarizes the state of scholarship regarding the life of Muhammad (Appendix 2) and the tensions between competing varieties of Muslim recollection of Muhammad (Appendix 3). Muhammad’s Mission: Religion, Politics, and Power at the Birth of Islam is an erudite and authoritative guide to events of world-historical importance by a scholar who has spent a lifetime mastering the primary sources documenting the birth of Islam.
The CISAC classical Islamic studies courses have found a way to ensure students learn the content of a discipline as established ... The sirah (life of Prophet Muhammad) course offered by CISAC shall be looked at as a case study.
Author: Halim Rane
Category: Social Science
The eight articles published in this Special Issue present original, empirical research, using various methods of data collection and analysis, in relation to topics that are pertinent to the study of Islam and Muslims in Australia. The contributors include long-serving scholars in the field, mid-career researchers, and early career researchers who represent many of Australia’s universities engaged in Islamic and Muslim studies, including the Australian National University, Charles Sturt University, Deakin University, Griffith University, and the University of Newcastle. The topics covered in this Special Issue include how Muslim Australians understand Islam (Rane et al. 2020); ethical and epistemological challenges facing Islamic and Muslim studies researchers (Mansouri 2020); Islamic studies in Australia’s university sector (Keskin and Ozalp 2021); Muslim women’s access to and participation in Australia’s mosques (Ghafournia 2020); religion, belonging and active citizenship among Muslim youth in Australia (Ozalp and Ćufurović), the responses of Muslim community organizations to Islamophobia (Cheikh Hussain 2020); Muslim ethical elites (Roose 2020); and the migration experiences of Hazara Afghans (Parkes 2020).
Author: Marshall G. S. HodgsonPublish On: 2009-05-15
This work grew out of the famous course on Islamic civilization that Hodgson created and taught for many years at the University of Chicago.
Author: Marshall G. S. Hodgson
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
The Venture of Islam has been honored as a magisterial work of the mind since its publication in early 1975. In this three-volume study, illustrated with charts and maps, Hodgson traces and interprets the historical development of Islamic civilization from before the birth of Muhammad to the middle of the twentieth century. This work grew out of the famous course on Islamic civilization that Hodgson created and taught for many years at the University of Chicago. "This is a nonpareil work, not only because of its command of its subject but also because it demonstrates how, ideally, history should be written."—The New Yorker Volume 1, The Classical Age of Islam, analyzes the world before Islam, Muhammad's challenge, and the early Muslim state between 625 and 692. Hodgson then discusses the classical civilization of the High Caliphate. The volume also contains a general introduction to the complete work and a foreword by Reuben Smith, who, as Hodgson's colleague and friend, finished the Venture of Islam after the author's death and saw it through to publication.
In early Sunni Islam, the caliph (successor [of the prophet of God]) assumes Muhammad's role as political leader of the Muslim community but didn't share in Muhammad's religious ... Of course, Islam regards all three as prophets.
Author: Malcolm Clark
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Many non-Muslims have no idea that Muslims worship the same God as Christians and Jews, and that Islam preaches compassion, charity, humility, and the brotherhood of man. And the similarities don’t end there. According to Islamic teaching, Muhammad founded Islam in 610 CE after the angel Gabriel appeared to him at Mecca and told him that God had entered him among the ranks of such great biblical prophets as Abraham, Moses, and Christ. Whether you live or work alongside Muslims and want to relate to them better, or you simply want to gain a better understanding of the world’s second largest religion, Islam For Dummies can help you make sense of this religion and its appeal. From the Qur’an to Ramadan, this friendly guide introduces you to the origins, practices and beliefs of Islam, including: Muhammad, the man and the legend The Five Pillars of Wisdom The Five Essentials beliefs of Islam The different branches of Islam and Islamic sects The Qur’an and Islamic law Islam throughout history and its impact around the world Professor Malcolm Clark explores the roots of Islam, how it has developed over the centuries, and it’s long and complex relationship with Christianity. He helps puts Islam in perspective as a major cultural and geopolitical force. And he provided helpful insights into, among other things: Muhammad, the Qur’an and the ethical teachings of Islam Muslim worship, customs, and rituals surrounding birth, marriage, and death Shi’ites, Sunnis, Sufis, Druze, and other important Muslim groups Islam in relation to Judaism and Christianity In these troubled times, it is important that we try to understand the belief systems of others, for through understanding comes peace. Islam For Dummies helps you build bridges of understanding between you and your neighbors in the global village.
Uba ibn Kab, one Muhammad's companions, had said that one of the verses left out of the present Quran concerned the punishment of stoning to death for adultery. If true, this helps solve the ... Of course, among Muhammad's first ...
Author: Bharat Singh
Publisher: Archway Publishing
What was so special about Muhammad that caused people to follow him, obey him, and trust him when he declared he was a prophet? Bharat Singh, a retired professor, covers the prophet's extraordinary achievements in this academic work. He examines how in a short period, from the time Muhammad became a prophet to his death, he successfully converted most Arabs and many others to Islam. At the same time, he also established an Arab kingdom and developed a religious doctrine based on Allah's messages and his examples, followed by about two billion Muslims today. In simple language, the author answers questions such as: • What are the doctrines, beliefs, and rituals of Islam? • What is the meaning behind the traditions and practices of Muslims? • How does the Quran shape behavior in daily life, social customs, gender issues, marriage, divorce, legal and illegal sexual relationships, and more? • Why Muslims put faith in the divinely inspired judicial system of sharia instead of laws formed by humans. Knowing the immense curiosity in the west of the violent acts carried by some Muslim groups claiming their actions as jihad sanctioned under Islam, Dr. Singh reviews jihad's doctrine and history. He also devotes a chapter to the jihadi agenda of around last hundred years and prominent terrorist organizations like Muslim Brotherhood, Hamas, Al-Qaida, ISIS, Taliban, and Hezbollah.