Connecting science and knowledge

Connecting science and knowledge

“4 The types of knowledge that the philosopherseeks, according to Aristotle are the “the first principles and causes.”5 Although he wrote that medicine as an art had its own specific knowledge and its master practitioners, ...

Author: Kaspar von Greyerz

Publisher: V&R unipress GmbH

ISBN: 9783847101710

Category: Education

Page: 390

View: 478

English summary: The volume presents a collection of revised and updated contributions to an international conference held in October 2011 on current issues in historical research on early modern knowledge and science and their connections. It looks at the various ways, in which the 'new science' was embedded in traditions, on the on the hand, and concentrates on the joint role of experts and lay persons in its making, on the other. It highlights in particular the various forms of early modern natural history, scientific treatises in a narrower sense of the term, tradiions going back to antiquity, travel accounts, chronicles, correspondences, naturalia, oral accounts and personal observations, which mirror the dialectic relationship between learned and popular knowledge. The relationship of knowledge and science is investigated in particular in connection with early modern balneology and attempts at systematizing knowledge about animals. German description: Dieser Band widmet sich aktuellen Forschungsaspekten von Wissens- und Wissenschaftsgeschichte, insbesondere den inneren Zusammenhangen von popularem Wissen und Wissenschaft. Einerseits werden Anbindungen der Neuen Wissenschaft an Traditionen in den Blick genommen, andererseits die Teilhabe von Experten und Laien an deren Herausbildung. Die verschiedenen Formate fruhneuzeitlicher Naturgeschichtsschreibung - wissenschaftliche Traktate, antike Uberlieferungen, Reisebeschreibungen, Chroniken, Korrespondenzen, Naturalien, mundliche Erzahlungen oder eigene Beobachtungen - vermitteln einen Eindruck der wechselseitigen Beziehungen zwischen gelehrtem und popularem Wissen. Das Verhaltnis von Wissen und Wissenschaft wird insbesondere an den Beispielen balneologischer und tierkundlicher Wissensbestande genauer analysiert.
Categories: Education

Is Justified True Belief Knowledge Ist gerechtfertigte wahre berzeugung Wissen

Is Justified True Belief Knowledge    Ist gerechtfertigte  wahre   berzeugung Wissen

S. 93–111. – Knowledge, Luck, and Virtue. In: Borges / de Almeida / Klein 2017. S. 57–75. Radford, Colin: Knowledge – By Examples. In: Analysis 27 (1966) Nr. 1. S. 1–11. Riggs, Wayne: Reliability and the Value of Knowledge.

Author: Edmund L. Gettier

Publisher: Reclam Verlag

ISBN: 9783159614946

Category: Philosophy

Page: 96

View: 253

Edmund Gettier musste in den 1960er Jahren eine Veröffentlichung vorlegen, um seinen Arbeitsplatz als Philosophiedozent behalten zu dürfen: Er schrieb ein dreiseitiges Papier, das bis heute zu den am meisten diskutierten philosophischen Aufsätzen überhaupt gehört: Er erschütterte die damals weithin akzeptierte Position, Wissen sei gerechtfertigte, wahre Überzeugung. Seitdem ist es eine philosophische Binsenweisheit, dass Wissen eben gerade nicht gerechtfertigte, wahre Überzeugung ist. Wer sich mit Erkenntnistheorie beschäftigt, muss dieses Papier und seine Deutungsgeschichte kennen. Die Reihe Great Papers Philosophie bietet bahnbrechende Aufsätze der Philosophie: - Eine zeichengenaue, zitierfähige Wiedergabe des Textes (fremdsprachiges Original, verlinkt mit einer neuen Übersetzung). - Eine philosophiegeschichtliche Einordnung: Wie dachte man früher über das Problem? Welche Veränderung bewirkte der Aufsatz? Wie denkt man heute darüber? - Eine Analyse des Textes bzw. eine Rekonstruktion seiner Argumentationsstruktur, gefolgt von einem Abschnitt über den Autor sowie ein kommentiertes Literaturverzeichnis. E-Book mit Seitenzählung der gedruckten UB-Ausgabe sowie mit Originalpaginierung.
Categories: Philosophy

Knowledge First

Knowledge First

Non - reductive Knowledge Norms of Assertion and Action Is there a distinctive knowledge - first epistemology that avoids the problems of reductionism ? As mentioned , candidates for such a program may be those that involve constitutive ...

Author: J. Adam Carter

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780191025617

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 129

'Knowledge-First' constitutes what is widely regarded as one of the most significant innovations in contemporary epistemology in the past 25 years. Knowledge-first epistemology is the idea that knowledge per se should not be analysed in terms of its constituent parts (e.g., justification, belief), but rather that these and other notions should be analysed in terms of the concept of knowledge. This volume features a substantive introduction and 13 original essays from leading and up-and-coming philosophers on the topic of knowledge-first philosophy. The contributors' essays range from foundational issues to applications of this project to other disciplines including the philosophy of mind, the philosophy of perception, ethics and action theory. Knowledge First: Approaches in Epistemology and Mind aims to provide a relatively open-ended forum for creative and original scholarship with the potential to contribute and advance debates connected with this philosophical project.
Categories: Philosophy

Information Modelling and Knowledge Bases XXIII

Information Modelling and Knowledge Bases XXIII

thors: creation and evolution of the knowledge base, inference upon the knowledge base, knowledge retrieval, ... maintain it in a consistent and up-to-date state, and to derive new knowledge, based on the gathered knowledge.

Author: J. Henno

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9781607509929

Category: Computers

Page: 452

View: 748

Information modelling and knowledge bases have become hot topics, not only in academic communities concerned with information systems and computer science, but also wherever information technology is applied in the world of business. This book presents the proceedings of the 21st European-Japanese Conference on Information Modelling and Knowledge Bases (EJC 2011), held in Tallinn, Estonia, in June 2011. The EJC conferences provide a worldwide forum for researchers and practitioners in the field to exchange results and experiences achieved in computer science and related disciplines such as conceptual analysis, design and specification of information systems, multimedia information modelling, multimedia systems, software engineering, knowledge and process management, cross cultural communication and context modelling. Attention is also paid to theoretical disciplines including cognitive science, artificial intelligence, logic, linguistics and analytical philosophy. The selected papers (16 full papers, 9 short papers, 2 papers based on panel sessions and 2 on invited presentations), cover a wide range of topics, including database semantics, knowledge representation, software engineering, www information management, context-based information retrieval, ontology, image databases, temporal and spatial databases, document data management, process management, cultural modelling and many others. Covering many aspects of system modelling and optimization, this book will be of interest to all those working in the field of information modelling and knowledge bases.
Categories: Computers

Handbook of Research on Knowledge Management for Contemporary Business Environments

Handbook of Research on Knowledge Management for Contemporary Business Environments

Individual tacit knowledge; this is called as automatic knowledge. This knowledge is based on people's theoretical and practical experience and learning. It resides in human brain and is difficult to express and document.

Author: Malheiro, Armando

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781522537267

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 438

View: 662

Information is considered essential in every business model, which is why staying abreast of the latest resources can help combat many challenges and aid businesses in creating a synthesis between people and information, keeping up with evolving technologies, and keeping data accurate and secure. The Handbook of Research on Knowledge Management for Contemporary Business Environments is a critical scholarly publication that examines the management of knowledge resources in modern business contexts. Including a wide range of topics such as information systems, sustainable competitive advantage, and knowledge sharing, this publication is a vital reference source for managers, academicians, researchers, and students seeking current research on strategies that are able to manage the information in more than one context for present and future generations.
Categories: Business & Economics

Competing with Knowledge

Competing with Knowledge

Global Knowledge Exchange Instructional Management Systems Project KM Websites Know>: ...

Author: Angela Abell

Publisher: Facet Publishing

ISBN: 9781856045834

Category: Information literacy

Page: 378

View: 153

Knowledge management (KM) is probably the first major management trend to identify information and its management as a crucial element in the success of an organization. In order for information professionals to participate fully in KM initiatives, or to be able to take advantage of the concept to improve the effective application of their skills, both the professionals and management need a good understanding of the KM approach and the information related roles within that framework. This book focuses on the potential role of the information professional in the KM environment and, using plenty of case studies, considers: the knowledge context - creating knowledge based environments in a range of sectors powering information: the role of information skills in KM. Readership: This book will make topical reading not only for those seeking career development through KM but for all information professionals wondering exactly what it is and how it will affect their work. LIS graduates and postgraduates will also be potential readers. Published in association with TFPL Ltd TFPL Ltd have been researching KM since 1996 and have monitored developments in Europe and the USA. They have recently completed an international research project looking at the skills required for the successful implementation of knowledge management.
Categories: Information literacy

Knowledge Management

Knowledge Management

PART Knowledge management concepts models ONE and – key This first part of the book lays the foundation for knowledge management and business decisions. Part One consists of three chapters: ○ Chapter 1 includes definitions of knowledge ...

Author: Shaofeng Liu

Publisher: Kogan Page Publishers

ISBN: 9780749496876

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 725

As knowledge economies become increasingly important around the world, it is essential that organizations are able to transform their knowledge into a competitive advantage. This textbook offers an interdisciplinary approach to knowledge management written specifically for postgraduate students in business and management schools. Knowledge Management presents classic and advanced concepts, models and frameworks using a clear logical structure, which covers building knowledge competence, the knowledge lifecycle, and integration of knowledge management with business decision making. An overall framework illustrates links between chapters and ensures readers can gain a body of actionable knowledge rather than learning isolated, uncontextualized topics. Based on cutting-edge research findings and covering the most advanced IT and IS technologies, this book emphasises the need for knowledge management to span boundaries across organizations, supply chains and partnerships, rather than being limited to individual learning and sharing within businesses. Knowledge Management is international in scope and includes real world case studies and role play scenarios to show how theories are applied in practice, and "think back" and "critique discussion" questions to encourage reflective learning and critical thinking. This indispensable text provides a dynamic picture of the evolution of knowledge management and demonstrates its full potential to enable better business decisions. Accompanying online resources include PowerPoint slides for lecturers and exercise questions for students.
Categories: Business & Economics

Knowledge Space Economy

Knowledge  Space  Economy

Thus, in the case of the learning aspect of tacit knowledge, much ofitinvolves 'situated' learning where informationthatis being transferred orwherethe problemsto be overcome depend on being present inthe same physical location (Lave ...

Author: John Bryson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134656776

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 673

First published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Categories: Science

Governing And Managing Knowledge In Asia 2nd Edition

Governing And Managing Knowledge In Asia  2nd Edition

in knowledge sharing will be considered later in this section as one of the conditions whereby involuntary knowledge sharing can occur. 14.4. Tacit and Explicit Knowledge A definition of knowledge sharing needs further clarification as ...

Author: Thomas Menkhoff

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814466264

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 396

View: 277

The field of knowledge for development now occupies a top position on the agenda of all Asian governments as well as large development organizations. This book reflects this mega-trend of development towards KBEs (Knowledge Based Economies). For this 2nd edition all chapters have been thoroughly edited and data, tables and graphs have been updated to reflect the latest available statistics. Trends have been re-evaluated and adjusted to reflect recent developments in the fast-moving scene of knowledge governance and knowledge management.
Categories: Business & Economics

Design and Development of Knowledge Management for Manufacturing

Design and Development of Knowledge Management for Manufacturing

The application of this knowledge in the workplace is to reuse knowledge to reduce rework, redeploy knowledge to leverage best practices, transfer skills and behaviors, repurpose knowledge to drive innovation, and achieve business ...

Author: K. Ganesh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783319028927

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 194

View: 818

This book examines the modules/elements required before implementing knowledge management solutions in typical manufacturing and service industry. The objective is to develop a framework, design and model suitable for all requirements and a strategy to properly implement. Related case studies from organizations are included, with the results provided to use as a solution to problems experienced when implementing knowledge management in the industry. Implementing a knowledge management system can be complex and dynamic, no matter how well planned and developed. Inevitably a degree of organizational inertia is focused on the current state rather than the new. Within an enterprise, personal and group involvement and interests process status and technology landscape can deflect the commitment needed to successfully implement such a system. Cumulative evidence from past research in knowledge management suggests that effective implementation of KM solution in any organization requires a robust designs and models for various critical elements of process, people and technology. Using the techniques provided in this book, readers should be able to design knowledge management strategies, to align objectives of the KM initiatives with their business goals.
Categories: Business & Economics