The Social Neuroscience of Empathy

The Social Neuroscience of Empathy

3. Social, emotional, personality development (6th ed., pp. 646–718). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. Eisenberg, N., Hofer, C., & Vaughan, J. (2007). Effortful control and its socioemotional consequences. In J. J. Gross (Ed.), Handbook of emotion ...

Author: Jean Decety

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262293365

Category: Psychology

Page: 272

View: 998

Cross-disciplinary, cutting-edge work on human empathy from the perspectives of social, cognitive, developmental and clinical psychology and cognitive/affective neuroscience. In recent decades, empathy research has blossomed into a vibrant and multidisciplinary field of study. The social neuroscience approach to the subject is premised on the idea that studying empathy at multiple levels (biological, cognitive, and social) will lead to a more comprehensive understanding of how other people's thoughts and feelings can affect our own thoughts, feelings, and behavior. In these cutting-edge contributions, leading advocates of the multilevel approach view empathy from the perspectives of social, cognitive, developmental and clinical psychology and cognitive/affective neuroscience. Chapters include a critical examination of the various definitions of the empathy construct; surveys of major research traditions based on these differing views (including empathy as emotional contagion, as the projection of one's own thoughts and feelings, and as a fundamental aspect of social development); clinical and applied perspectives, including psychotherapy and the study of empathy for other people's pain; various neuroscience perspectives; and discussions of empathy's evolutionary and neuroanatomical histories, with a special focus on neuroanatomical continuities and differences across the phylogenetic spectrum. The new discipline of social neuroscience bridges disciplines and levels of analysis. In this volume, the contributors' state-of-the-art investigations of empathy from a social neuroscience perspective vividly illustrate the potential benefits of such cross-disciplinary integration. Contributors C. Daniel Batson, James Blair, Karina Blair, Jerold D. Bozarth, Anne Buysse, Susan F. Butler, Michael Carlin, C. Sue Carter, Kenneth D. Craig, Mirella Dapretto, Jean Decety, Mathias Dekeyser, Ap Dijksterhuis, Robert Elliott, Natalie D. Eggum, Nancy Eisenberg, Norma Deitch Feshbach, Seymour Feshbach, Liesbet Goubert, Leslie S. Greenberg, Elaine Hatfield, James Harris, William Ickes, Claus Lamm, Yen-Chi Le, Mia Leijssen, Abigail Marsh, Raymond S. Nickerson, Jennifer H. Pfeifer, Stephen W. Porges, Richard L. Rapson, Simone G. Shamay-Tsoory, Rick B. van Baaren, Matthijs L. van Leeuwen, Andries van der Leij, Jeanne C. Watson
Categories: Psychology

Empathy and the Novel

Empathy and the Novel

Empathy, Its Limitations and Its Role in a Comprehensive Moral Theory.” Morality, Moral Behavior and Moral Development. Ed. William Kurtines and Jacob Gewirtz. New York: John Wiley, 1984. ______ . Empathy and Moral Development: ...

Author: Suzanne Keen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199884148

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 274

View: 203

Does empathy felt while reading fiction actually cultivate a sense of connection, leading to altruistic actions on behalf of real others? Empathy and the Novel presents a comprehensive account of the relationships among novel reading, empathy, and altruism. Drawing on psychology, narrative theory, neuroscience, literary history, philosophy, and recent scholarship in discourse processing, Keen brings together resources and challenges for the literary study of empathy and the psychological study of fiction reading. Empathy robustly enters into affective responses to fiction, yet its role in shaping the behavior of emotional readers has been debated for three centuries. Keen surveys these debates and illustrates the techniques that invite empathetic response. She argues that the perception of fictiveness increases the likelihood of readers' empathy in part by releasing them from the guarded responses necessitated by the demands of real others. Narrative empathy is a strategy and subject of contemporary novelists from around the world, writers who tacitly endorse the potential universality of human emotions when they call upon their readers' empathy. If narrative empathy is to be taken seriously, Keen suggests, then women's reading and responses to popular fiction occupy a central position in literary inquiry, and cognitive literary studies should extend its range beyond canonical novels. In short, Keen's study extends the playing field for literature practitioners, causing it to resemble more closely that wide open landscape inhabited by readers.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Empathy

Empathy

In: Empathy and its Development, N. Eisenberg & J. Strayer (eds), pp. 38–46. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Posner, M.I. & Rothbart, M.K. (2000) 'Developing Mechanisms of Self-regulation', Development and Psychopathology ...

Author: Amy Coplan

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199539956

Category: FAMILY & RELATIONSHIPS

Page: 431

View: 521

Examines the importance of empathy in a wide range of disciplines including ethics, aesthetics, and psychology.
Categories: FAMILY & RELATIONSHIPS

The Moral Dimensions of Empathy

The Moral Dimensions of Empathy

Empathic Accuracy. New York: Guilford Press. ... “Autism, Empathy and Moral Agency,” The Philosophical Quarterly, 52: 340–357. ——. 2008. ... “Gender and Age Differences in Empathy and Sympathy,” in Empathy and Its Development, ed.

Author: J. Oxley

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230347809

Category: Philosophy

Page: 206

View: 195

Does empathy help us to be moral? The author argues that empathy is often instrumental to meeting the demands of morality as defined by various ethical theories. This multi-faceted work links psychological research on empathy with ethical theory and contemporary trends in moral education.
Categories: Philosophy

Music and Empathy

Music and Empathy

The age of empathy: Nature's lessons for a kinder society. London: Souvenir Press. Eisenberg, N., & Strayer, J. (1987). (Eds.) Empathy and its development. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Eisenberg, N., Murphy, B., & Shepard, ...

Author: Elaine King

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317092582

Category: Music

Page: 350

View: 556

In recent years, empathy has received considerable research attention as a means of understanding a range of psychological phenomena, and it is fast drawing attention within the fields of music psychology and music education. This volume seeks to promote and stimulate further research in music and empathy, with contributions from many of the leading scholars in the fields of music psychology, neuroscience, music philosophy and education. It exposes current developmental, cognitive, social and philosophical perspectives on research in music and empathy, and considers the notion in relation to our engagement with different types of music and media. Following a Prologue, the volume presents twelve chapters organised into two main areas of enquiry. The first section, entitled 'Empathy and Musical Engagement', explores empathy in music education and therapy settings, and provides social, cognitive and philosophical perspectives about empathy in relation to our interaction with music. The second section, entitled 'Empathy in Performing Together', provides insights into the role of empathy across non-Western, classical, jazz and popular performance domains. This book will be of interest to music educators, musicologists, performers and practitioners, as well as scholars from other disciplines with an interest in empathy research.
Categories: Music

The Development of Empathy

The Development of Empathy

cognitive, and conative mechanisms took place, which ensured the development of the completed empathic process; ... The less developed the empathy of the individual, the more conditions are created for the development of its masculine ...

Author: Larysa Zhuravlova

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000403251

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 276

View: 443

This thought-provoking volume offers psychological perspectives on the formation of empathy and how this determines both antisocial and prosocial behaviors in individuals. It offers a theoretically grounded and empirically proven integrated approach, helping readers gain a holistic understanding of human nature and the need for empathic interaction between people. Larysa Zhuravlova and Oleksiy Chebykin study the evolution of empathy, peculiarities from birth to old age, and its role in the moral and spiritual development of a person. Key sections explore theoretical and methodological principles of empathy research, the genesis and development of human empathy, the phylogenetic preconditions for empathy, the psychological features of the ontogenesis of empathy, the key factors in personality development, and the experimental study of empathy. Considering a vision of a society based on empathic relationships, which could deter discrimination, help resolve environmental issues, harmonize interpersonal relationships, and resolve conflict, this new text is for advanced students of developmental and educational psychology. It will have broad appeal across academic and applied discipines in social and developmental psychology, education, the helping professions, and human development.
Categories: Body, Mind & Spirit

Empathy and Moral Development

Empathy and Moral Development

Empathy , its development and prosocial implications . In C. B. Keasey ( Ed . ) , Nebraska Symposium on Motivation , 25 , 169-218 . Hoffman , M. L. ( 1980 ) . Moral development in adolescence . In J. Adelson ( Ed . ) , Handbook of ...

Author: Martin L. Hoffman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 052101297X

Category: Psychology

Page: 346

View: 441

Contemporary theories have generally focused on either the behavioral, cognitive or emotional dimensions of prosocial moral development. In this volume, these three dimensions are brought together while providing the first comprehensive account of prosocial moral development in children. The main concept is empathy - one feels what is appropriate for another person's situation, not one's own. Hoffman discusses empathy's role in five moral situations. The book's focus is empathy's contribution to altruism and compassion for others in physical, psychological, or economic distress. Also highlighted are the psychological processes involved in empathy's interaction with certain parental behaviors that foster moral internalization in children and the psychological processes involved in empathy's relation to abstract moral principles such as caring and distributive justice. This important book is the culmination of three decades of study and research by a leading figure in the area of child and developmental psychology.
Categories: Psychology

Empathy

Empathy

In Empathy and Its Development, edited by N. Eisenberg and J. Strayer, 3–46. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Premack, D., and G. Woodruff. 1978. Does the chimpanzee have a theory of mind? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1: 515–526.

Author: Jean Decety

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262016612

Category: Psychology

Page: 335

View: 688

Recent work on empathy theory, research, and applications, by scholars from disciplines ranging from neuroscience to psychoanalysis. There are many reasons for scholars to investigate empathy. Empathy plays a crucial role in human social interaction at all stages of life; it is thought to help motivate positive social behavior, inhibit aggression, and provide the affective and motivational bases for moral development; it is a necessary component of psychotherapy and patient-physician interactions. This volume covers a wide range of topics in empathy theory, research, and applications, helping to integrate perspectives as varied as anthropology and neuroscience. The contributors discuss the evolution of empathy within the mammalian brain and the development of empathy in infants and children; the relationships among empathy, social behavior, compassion, and altruism; the neural underpinnings of empathy; cognitive versus emotional empathy in clinical practice; and the cost of empathy. Taken together, the contributions significantly broaden the interdisciplinary scope of empathy studies, reporting on current knowledge of the evolutionary, social, developmental, cognitive, and neurobiological aspects of empathy and linking this capacity to human communication, including in clinical practice and medical education.
Categories: Psychology

Empathy in Patient Care

Empathy in Patient Care

Empathic communication: A teachable and learnable skill. Journal ofGeneral Internal Medicine, 9, 222–226. Plutchik. R. (1987). Evolutionary bases of empathy. In N. Eisenberg & J. Strayer (Eds.), Empathy and its development (pp. 38–46).

Author: Mohammadreza Hojat

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387336084

Category: Psychology

Page: 296

View: 653

Human beings, regardless of age, sex, or state of health, are designed by evolution to form meaningful interpersonal relationships through verbal and nonverbal communication. The theme that empathic human connections are beneficial to the body and mind underlies all 12 chapters of this book, in which empathy is viewed from a multidisciplinary perspective that includes evolutionary biology; neuropsychology; clinical, social, developmental, and educational psychology; and health care delivery and education.
Categories: Psychology