In the final passage that Clausewitz wrote, before sealing up the manuscript for the last time, he described war as a “chameleon.” War changes, adapts from one place to another, from one era to the next. To effectively theorize about ...
Author: Youri Cormier
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
Two centuries after Carl von Clausewitz wrote On War, it lines the shelves of military colleges around the world and even showed up in an Al Qaeda hideout. Though it has shaped much of the common parlance on the subject, On War is perceived by many as a “metaphysical fog,” widely known but hardly read. In War as Paradox, Youri Cormier lifts the fog on this iconic work by explaining its philosophical underpinnings. Building up a genealogy of dialectical war theory and integrating Hegel with Clausewitz as a co-founders of the method, Cormier uncovers a common logic that shaped the fighting doctrines and ethics of modern war. He explains how Hegel and Clausewitz converged on method, but nonetheless arrived at opposite ethics and military doctrines. Ultimately, Cormier seeks out the limits to dialectical war theory and explores the greater paradoxes the method reveals: can so-called “rational” theories of war hold up under the pressures of irrational propositions, such as lone-wolf attacks, the circular logic of a “war to end all wars,” or the apparent folly of mutually assured destruction? Since the Second World War, commentators have described war as obsolete. War as Paradox argues that dialectical war theory may be the key to understanding why, despite this, it continues.
Ultimately, Clausewitz noted, war always “moves on its own goals with varying speed.” For these reasons, Clausewitz considered war to be “more than a true chameleon that slightly adapts its characteristics to the given case.
Author: M.L.R. Smith
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Category: Political Science
The counterinsurgency (COIN) paradigm dominates military and political conduct in contemporary Western strategic thought. It assumes future wars will unfold as "low intensity" conflicts within rather than between states, requiring specialized military training and techniques. COIN is understood as a logical, effective, and democratically palatable method for confronting insurgency—a discrete set of practices that, through the actions of knowledgeable soldiers and under the guidance of an expert elite, creates lasting results. Through an extensive investigation into COIN's theories, methods, and outcomes, this book undermines enduring claims about COIN's success while revealing its hidden meanings and effects. Interrogating the relationship between counterinsurgency and war, the authors question the supposed uniqueness of COIN's attributes and try to resolve the puzzle of its intellectual identity. Is COIN a strategy, a doctrine, a theory, a military practice, or something else? Their analysis ultimately exposes a critical paradox within COIN: while it ignores the vital political dimensions of war, it is nevertheless the product of a misplaced ideological faith in modernization.
I Combat Environment and Political Context 1 The Chameleon of War A great deal has been written about wars – about their cruelty, their designers and their victims. Looking at all of them together, there has never been one like another.
Author: Nina Burri
Publisher: Hotei Publishing
In Bravery or Bravado? The Protection of News Providers in Armed Conflict, Nina Burri offers the first comprehensive analysis on how international law protects professional and citizen journalists, photographers, cameramen and their support staff during times of war.
Although the essential biology of the chameleon remains constant, its appearance changes to match particular circumstances.13 The same, Clausewitz argues, is true of war. To account for war's changing appearance despite its enduring ...
Author: Christopher Daase
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Political Science
Widely recognized as one of the most important theorists of warfare, important strands of Carl von Clausewitz's thinking on the subject are not widely known. In the English-speaking world, few are familiar with anything other than his major, though unfinished and posthumously published, opus On War, which is available in numerous translations. Although the corpus of Clausewitz's writings on the topic of warfare is far greater, most of these texts have never been translated. In Clausewitz on Small War, Christopher Daase and James W. Davis begin to redress this unfortunate state of affairs. In this volume they have assembled and translated Clausewitz's most important texts devoted to the analysis of asymmetric, unconventional, guerrilla, and small unit warfare, including Clausewitz's Lectures on Small War, held at the Prussian War Academy in 1810 and 1811. Augmenting our understanding of Clausewitz with his early writings on Small War leads to the conclusion that asymmetric warfare is not an historical development that can be termed pre- or post-Clausewitzian as many contemporary scholars of war and military strategy argue. Rather, Clausewitz himself emerges as an early theorist of insurgency and asymmetric warfare with insights that are relevant today. The book is a must read for soldiers, military strategists, historians of war, and students of international security.
War, to borrow a famous phrase from Carl von Clausewitz, has changed its appearance like a chameleon.2A'classic' war, in which state forces were in open combat, has been succeeded by a different war. Both wars have been described in a ...
Author: Hans-Henning Kortüm
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Eine von der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft getragene Forschergruppe an der Universität Regensburg untersucht seit einigen Jahren im Rahmen einer Neuen Militärgeschichte "Formen und Funktionen des Krieges im Mittelalter". Im März 2004 wurde auf einer international und interdisziplinär ausgerichteten Fachtagung, organisiert von Mitgliedern der Regensburger Forschergruppe zusammen mit dem Hamburger Institut für Sozialforschung, versucht, traditionelle Epochengrenzen, wie sie zwischen Mittelalter und Neuzeit nach wie vor bestehen, zu überwinden. Die Tagungsbeiträge werden in diesem Band veröffentlicht.
The Chameleon War, I thought as I stared at the newspaper, unable to make up my mind whether to tear the paper to shreds or scream bloody murder; the war that changes colors with the seasons. Billions of dollars, hundreds of thousands ...
Author: W.D. Ehrhart
From 1969 to 1974 Ehrhart was just passing time. His reentry into the "world" began with his enrollment as a 21-year-old freshman (and token Vietnam vet) at Swarthmore College. At first simply trying to bury his past, Ehrhart slowly came to understand what happened to him, and why, in Vietnam. Interspersed are flashbacks to the war itself. It is the story of political--and personal--awakening. As the war dragged on, the United States' deceitful involvement and its perpetuation of fallacies and lies about the war's conduct forced Ehrhart to confront his own feelings about his government, country and self. Throughout, the reader shares with Ehrhart his odyssey through naivete, growing awareness, angry withdrawal and, finally, a measure of peace.
Clausewitz used an analogy of war as a chameleon, which is very illustrative for the central problem this book aims to address. War is more than a true chameleon that slightly adapts in characteristics to the given case.
Author: Isabelle Duyvesteyn
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Category: Political Science
Violence during war often involves upswings and downturns that have, to date, been insufficiently explained. Why does violence at a particular point in time increase in intensity and why do actors in war decrease the level of violence at other points? Duyvesteyn discusses the potential explanatory variables for escalation and de-escalation in conflicts involving states and non-state actors, such as terrorists and insurgents. Using theoretical arguments and examples from modern history, this book presents the most notable causal mechanisms or shifts in the shape of propositions that could explain the rise and decline of non-state actor violence after the start and before the termination of conflict. This study critically reflects on the conceptualisation of escalation as linear, rational and wilful, and instead presents an image of rebel escalation as accidental, messy and within a very limited range of control.
Actual war , when it does appear , always fails , like the actual Ireland , to live up to Yeats's expectations of it . ... Clausewitz argues that War is ... chameleon - like in character , because it changes its colour in some degree in ...
Author: Fran Brearton
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Category: Literary Criticism
The Great War in Irish Poetry explores the impact of the First World War on the work of W. B. Yeats, Robert Graves, and Louis MacNeice in the period 1914-45, and on three contemporary Northern Irish poets, Derek Mahon, Seamus Heaney, and Michael Longley. Its concern is to place their work, and memory of the Great War, in the context of Irish culture and politics in the twentieth century. The historical background to Irish involvement in the Great War is explained, as are the ways in which some of the events of 1912-1920--the Home Rule crisis, the loss of the Titanic, the Battle of the Somme, the Easter Rising--still reverberate in the politics of remembrance in Northern Ireland. While the Great War is perceived as central to English culture, and its literature holds a privileged position in the English literary canon, the centrality of the Great War to Irish writing has seldom been acknowledged. This book is concerned with the extent to which recognition of the importance of the Great War in Irish writing has become a casualty of competing versions of the literary canon. It shows that, despite complications in Irish domestic politics which led to the repression of "official memory" of the Great War in Ireland, Irish poets, particularly those writing in the "troubled" Northern Ireland of the last thirty years, have been drawn throughout the century to the events and images of 1914-18.
( A Doric warrior in the Spartan war ' ) Hurled many a fatal javelin at the foe , Till by a Spartan spear he was himself laid low . ( For merciless had been that civil feud , That long and useless internecine strife , Which brought ...
The Great The Chameleon War has brought home the factthat the Prepared nation is the Published Monthly by nation making headway merely THE SHERWIN - WILLIAMS CO . because they have the jump on the other fellow .