Plant Mutation Breeding and Biotechnology

Plant Mutation Breeding and Biotechnology

Abstract: This book presents contemporary information on mutagenesis in plants and its applications in plant breeding and research.

Author: Q. Y. Shu

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9781780640853

Category: Nature

Page: 612

View: 433

Abstract: This book presents contemporary information on mutagenesis in plants and its applications in plant breeding and research. The topics are classified into sections focusing on the concepts, historical development and genetic basis of plant mutation breeding (chapters 1-6); mutagens and induced mutagenesis (chapters 7-13); mutation induction and mutant development (chapters 14-23); mutation breeding (chapters 24-34); or mutations in functional genomics (chapters 35-41). This book is an essential reference for those who are conducting research on mutagenesis as an approach to improving or modifying a trait, or achieving basic understanding of a pathway for a trait --.
Categories: Nature

Biotechnologies for Plant Mutation Breeding

Biotechnologies for Plant Mutation Breeding

This book is open access under a CC BY-NC 2.5 license.

Author: Joanna Jankowicz-Cieslak

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319831887

Category: Science

Page: 340

View: 209

This book is open access under a CC BY-NC 2.5 license. This book offers 19 detailed protocols on the use of induced mutations in crop breeding and functional genomics studies, which cover topics including chemical and physical mutagenesis, phenotypic screening methods, traditional TILLING and TILLING by sequencing, doubled haploidy, targeted genome editing, and low-cost methods for the molecular characterization of mutant plants that are suitable for laboratories in developing countries. The collection of protocols equips users with the techniques they need in order to start a program on mutation breeding or functional genomics using both forward and reverse-genetic approaches. Methods are provided for seed and vegetatively propagated crops (e.g. banana, barley, cassava, jatropha, rice) and can be adapted for use in other species.
Categories: Science

Mutation Breeding in Oil Palm

Mutation Breeding in Oil Palm

This manual provides an introduction to mutation breeding and practical protocols on mutation induction and mutant selection in oil palm (Elaeis guineensis).

Author: Fazrin Nur

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9781786396211

Category: Science

Page: 77

View: 877

This is a practical guide to mutation breeding in oil palm, representing completely novel work supported by the Plant Breeding and Genetics Section of the Joint FAO/IAEA Division (Vienna, Austria). Oil palm is the top oil crop and the only major crop and only oil crop not to have been improved by plant mutation breeding. The manual is hands-on, providing step-by-step illustrated methods in mutation induction, mutation detection and mutant line development for oil palm improvement. Presenting sound practices based on scientific innovation and knowledge, this guide provides techniques integrated with expertise and is authored by practitioners actively engaged in oil palm seed production and breeding. Promoting green, eco-friendly agriculture, this book features coverage of: Radio-sensitivity testing Challenges and opportunities for mutation breeding Protocol for developing mutant generations for mutant screening Services in irradiation treatments The only available resource containing protocols and guidelines on how oil palm can be manipulated for mutation breeding, this book is essential reading for oil palm breeders, seed producers and plantation companies, oil palm traders, students and research institutes across the world. It provides a resource for training, a knowledge base for people new to oil palm and a reference guide for managers, to ensure best practices in maximising sustainability and production of this important crop. .
Categories: Science

Biotechnologies for Plant Mutation Breeding

Biotechnologies for Plant Mutation Breeding

Q Rev Biol 32(1):27–45 Kunter B, Bas M, Kantoglu Y, Burak M (2012) Mutation breeding of sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.) var. 0900 Ziraat. In: Shu Q, BP F, Nakagawa H (eds) Plant Mutation breeding and biotechnology.

Author: Joanna Jankowicz-Cieslak

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319450216

Category: Science

Page: 340

View: 626

This book is open access under a CC BY-NC 2.5 license. This book offers 19 detailed protocols on the use of induced mutations in crop breeding and functional genomics studies, which cover topics including chemical and physical mutagenesis, phenotypic screening methods, traditional TILLING and TILLING by sequencing, doubled haploidy, targeted genome editing, and low-cost methods for the molecular characterization of mutant plants that are suitable for laboratories in developing countries. The collection of protocols equips users with the techniques they need in order to start a program on mutation breeding or functional genomics using both forward and reverse-genetic approaches. Methods are provided for seed and vegetatively propagated crops (e.g. banana, barley, cassava, jatropha, rice) and can be adapted for use in other species.
Categories: Science

Mutation Breeding Genetic Diversity and Crop Adaptation to Climate Change

Mutation Breeding  Genetic Diversity and Crop Adaptation to Climate Change

"International authors review achievements, new developments, trends and challenges in the field of plant mutation breeding, across the scientific community and the private sector.

Author: Sobhana Sivasankar

Publisher: Cabi

ISBN: 1789249090

Category: Mutagenesis

Page: 496

View: 680

"International authors review achievements, new developments, trends and challenges in the field of plant mutation breeding, across the scientific community and the private sector. Chapters highlight specific challenges, such as emerging transboundary threats to crop production, and assess the overall importance of mutation breeding to food security"--
Categories: Mutagenesis

Mutation Breeding for Sustainable Food Production and Climate Resilience

Mutation Breeding for Sustainable Food Production and Climate Resilience

This book highlights the recent progress on the applications of mutation breeding technology in crop plants.

Author: Suprasanna Penna

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811697191

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 0

View: 302

This book highlights the recent progress on the applications of mutation breeding technology in crop plants. Plant breeders and agriculturists are faced with the new challenges of climate change, human population growth, and dwindling arable land and water resources which threaten to sustain food production worldwide. Genetic variation is the basis which plant breeders require to produce new and improved cultivars. The understanding of mutation induction and exploring its applications has paved the way for enhancing genetic variability for various plant and agronomic characters, and led to advances in gene discovery for various traits. Induced mutagenesis has played a significant role in crop improvement and currently, the technology has resulted in the development and release of more than 3600 mutant varieties in most of the crop plants with great economic impact. The field of ‘mutation breeding’ has come long way to become an important approach for crop improvement. This book covers various methodologies of mutation induction, screening of mutants, genome editing and genomics advances and mutant gene discovery. The book further discusses success stories in different countries and applications of mutation breeding in food crops, horticultural plants and plantation crops. This informative book is very useful to plant breeders, students and researchers in the field of agriculture, plant sciences, food science and genetics.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Plant Biotechnology The Genetic Manipulation of Plants

Plant Biotechnology  The Genetic Manipulation of Plants

Different approaches, evaluations and methodologies and advanced studies on plant biotechnology have been included herein. This book will serve as a source of knowledge to a wide spectrum of readers

Author: Ava Gibson

Publisher: States Academic Press

ISBN: 1639894195

Category: Science

Page: 241

View: 982

Plant biotechnology refers to the application of various principles and methods of life sciences to create improved varieties of plants. Cross breeding and mutation breeding are the most widely used practices studied under it. Modern plant biotechnology can be classified into two major fields, namely, plant tissue culture and recombinant DNA technology. In plant tissue culture, the excised part of a living plant, also known as explant, is grown in a sterile plant tissue culture medium. The joining together of DNA molecules from two different species takes place within recombinant DNA technology. Some of the other techniques studied under it are micropropagation and genetic engineering. This book presents the complex subject of plant biotechnology in the most comprehensible and easy to understand language. Different approaches, evaluations and methodologies and advanced studies on plant biotechnology have been included herein. This book will serve as a source of knowledge to a wide spectrum of readers
Categories: Science

Somaclonal Variation and Induced Mutations in Crop Improvement

Somaclonal Variation and Induced Mutations in Crop Improvement

Genetic variability is an important parameter for plant breeders in any con ventional crop improvement programme. Very often the desired variation is un available in the right combination, or simply does not exist at all.

Author: S.M. Jain

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0792348621

Category: Science

Page: 644

View: 228

Genetic variability is an important parameter for plant breeders in any con ventional crop improvement programme. Very often the desired variation is un available in the right combination, or simply does not exist at all. However, plant breeders have successfully recombined the desired genes from cultivated crop gerrnplasm and related wild species by sexual hybridization, and have been able to develop new cultivars with desirable agronomie traits, such as high yield, disease, pest, and drought resistance. So far, conventional breeding methods have managed to feed the world's ever-growing population. Continued population growth, no further scope of expanding arable land, soil degradation, environ mental pollution and global warrning are causes of concern to plant biologists and planners. Plant breeders are under continuous pressure to improve and develop new cultivars for sustainable food production. However, it takes several years to develop a new cultivar. Therefore, they have to look for new technologies, which could be combined with conventional methods to create more genetic variability, and reduce the time in developing new cultivars, with early-maturity, and improved yield. The first report on induced mutation of a gene by HJ. Muller in 1927 was a major mi1estone in enhancing variation, and also indicated the potential applica tions of mutagenesis in plant improvement. Radiation sources, such as X-rays, gamma rays and fast neutrons, and chemical mutagens (e. g. , ethyl methane sulphonate) have been widely used to induce mutations.
Categories: Science

OMICS Based Approaches in Plant Biotechnology

OMICS Based Approaches in Plant Biotechnology

The information contained in the volume will help plant breeders, plant biotechnologists, plant biochemists, agriculture scientists and researchers in using this applied research to focus on better crop breeding and stress adaptation ...

Author: Rintu Banerjee

Publisher: Wiley-Scrivener

ISBN: 1119509939

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 348

View: 724

Burgeoning world population, decreased water supply and land resources, coupled with climate change, result in severe stress conditions and a great threat to the global food supply. To meet these challenges, exploring Omics Technologies could lead to improved yields of cereals, tubers and grasses that may ensure food security. Improvement of yields through crop improvement and biotechnological means are the need-of-the-hour, and the current book “OMICS-Based Approaches in Plant Biotechnology”, reviews the advanced concepts on breeding strategies, OMICS technologies (genomics, transcriptomics and metabolomics) and bioinformatics that help to glean the potential candidate genes/molecules to address unsolved problems related to plant and agricultural crops. The first six chapters of the book are focused on genomics and cover sequencing, functional genomics with examples on insecticide resistant genes, mutation breeding and miRNA technologies. Recent advances in metabolomics studies are elucidated in the next 3 chapters followed by 5 chapters on bioinformatics and advanced techniques in plant biotechnology and crop breeding. The information contained in the volume will help plant breeders, plant biotechnologists, plant biochemists, agriculture scientists and researchers in using this applied research to focus on better crop breeding and stress adaptation strategies.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding

Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding

This new edition: Organizes topics to reflect the stages of an actual breeding project Incorporates the most recent technologies in the field, such as CRSPR genome edition and grafting on GM stock Includes numerous illustrations and end-of ...

Author: George Acquaah

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119626329

Category: Science

Page: 812

View: 790

The revised edition of the bestselling textbook, covering both classical and molecular plant breeding Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding integrates theory and practice to provide an insightful examination of the fundamental principles and advanced techniques of modern plant breeding. Combining both classical and molecular tools, this comprehensive textbook describes the multidisciplinary strategies used to produce new varieties of crops and plants, particularly in response to the increasing demands to of growing populations. Illustrated chapters cover a wide range of topics, including plant reproductive systems, germplasm for breeding, molecular breeding, the common objectives of plant breeders, marketing and societal issues, and more. Now in its third edition, this essential textbook contains extensively revised content that reflects recent advances and current practices. Substantial updates have been made to its molecular genetics and breeding sections, including discussions of new breeding techniques such as zinc finger nuclease, oligonucleotide directed mutagenesis, RNA-dependent DNA methylation, reverse breeding, genome editing, and others. A new table enables efficient comparison of an expanded list of molecular markers, including Allozyme, RFLPs, RAPD, SSR, ISSR, DAMD, AFLP, SNPs and ESTs. Also, new and updated “Industry Highlights” sections provide examples of the practical application of plant breeding methods to real-world problems. This new edition: Organizes topics to reflect the stages of an actual breeding project Incorporates the most recent technologies in the field, such as CRSPR genome edition and grafting on GM stock Includes numerous illustrations and end-of-chapter self-assessment questions, key references, suggested readings, and links to relevant websites Features a companion website containing additional artwork and instructor resources Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding offers researchers and professionals an invaluable resource and remains the ideal textbook for advanced undergraduates and graduates in plant science, particularly those studying plant breeding, biotechnology, and genetics.
Categories: Science