Dorothea Lange and Paul Schuster Taylor , An American Exodus : A Record of Human Erosion ( New York , 1939 ) , 109 . 123. Wilson , “ Social Attitudes of Migratory Agricultural Workers , " 76 . Chapter 3. The Okie Problem 1.
Author: James Noble Gregory
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Fifty years ago, John Steinbeck's now classic novel, The Grapes of Wrath, captured the epic story of an Oklahoma farm family driven west to California by dust storms, drought, and economic hardship. It was a story that generations of Americans have also come to know through Dorothea Lange's unforgettable photos of migrant families struggling to make a living in Depression-torn California. Now in James N. Gregory's pathbreaking American Exodus, there is at last an historical study that moves beyond the fiction and the photographs to uncover the full meaning of these events. American Exodus takes us back to the Dust Bowl migration of the 1930s and the war boom influx of the 1940s to explore the experiences of the more than one million Oklahomans, Arkansans, Texans, and Missourians who sought opportunities in California. Gregory reaches into the migrants' lives to reveal not only their economic trials but also their impact on California's culture and society. He traces the development of an "Okie subculture" that over the years has grown into an essential element in California's cultural landscape. The consequences, however, reach far beyond California. The Dust Bowl migration was part of a larger heartland diaspora that has sent millions of Southerners and rural Midwesterners to the nation's northern and western industrial perimeter. American Exodus is the first book to examine the cultural implications of that massive 20th-century population shift. In this rich account of the experiences and impact of these migrant heartlanders, Gregory fills an important gap in recent American social history.
Some were the young children of immigrants returning to Europe, but even more were adults when they chose to depart.34 The peak years of the Chinese American exodus also paralleled those of the Great Migration of African Americans from ...
Author: Charlotte Brooks
Publisher: Univ of California Press
In the first decades of the 20th century, almost half of the Chinese Americans born in the United States moved to China—a relocation they assumed would be permanent. At a time when people from around the world flocked to the United States, this little-noticed emigration belied America’s image as a magnet for immigrants and a land of upward mobility for all. Fleeing racism, Chinese Americans who sought greater opportunities saw China, a tottering empire and then a struggling republic, as their promised land. American Exodus is the first book to explore this extraordinary migration of Chinese Americans. Their exodus shaped Sino-American relations, the development of key economic sectors in China, the character of social life in its coastal cities, debates about the meaning of culture and “modernity” there, and the U.S. government’s approach to citizenship and expatriation in the interwar years. Spanning multiple fields, exploring numerous cities, and crisscrossing the Pacific Ocean, this book will appeal to anyone interested in Chinese history, international relations, immigration history, and Asian American studies.
These include economic collapse and the turning of millions of Americans into postmodern“Okies” trying to cross their ... Edward Kohn, author, Hot Time in the Old Town: The Great Heat Wave of 1896 American Exodus assumes, unlike some, ...
Author: Giles Slade
Publisher: New Society Publishers
Seeking higher ground – how rising global temperatures will lead to unprecedented waves of human migration
AFRICAN AMERICANS , EXODUS , AND THE AMERICAN ISRAEL Albert J. Raboteau During the past two decades , research on African American religious beliefs and practices has challenged an older focus on the institutional and intellectual life ...
Author: David G. Hackett
Publisher: Psychology Press
Religion and American Culture challenges the religion's traditional emphasis on older European, American, male, middle-class, Protestant, northeastern narratives concerned primarily with churches and theology. Breaking through the field with multicultural tales of Native American, African Americans and other groups that cut across boundaries of gender, class, religion and region, David Hackett's anthology offers an illuminating and comprehensive overview of the most exciting work currently underway in this field.
African - Americans , Exodus , and the American Israel Albert J. Raboteau Canaan land is the land for me , And let God's saints come in . There was a wicked man , He kept them children in Egypt land . Canaan land is the land for me ...
Author: Paul E. Johnson
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Eight leading scholars have joined forces to give us the most comprehensive book to date on the history of African-American religion from the slavery period to the present. Beginning with Albert Raboteau's essay on the importance of the story of Exodus among African-American Christians and concluding with Clayborne Carson's work on Martin Luther King, Jr.'s religious development, this volume illuminates the fusion of African and Christian traditions that has so uniquely contributed to American religious development. Several common themes emerge: the critical importance of African roots, the traumatic discontinuities of slavery, the struggle for freedom within slavery and the subsequent experience of discrimination, and the remarkable creativity of African-American religious faith and practice. Together, these essays enrich our understanding of both African-American life and its part in the history of religion in America.
Author: Daniel L. Smith-ChristopherPublish On: 2022-03-24
Gregory, American Exodus, . . Worster, Dust Bowl, – . . Gregory, American Exodus, . . Gregory, American Exodus, . . Gregory, American Exodus, . . Gregory, American Exodus, – . . Gregory, American Exodus, . . Gregory, American Exodus, .
Author: Daniel L. Smith-Christopher
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
Choosing ten films that were considered "suspicious," "un-American," or even "dangerous" by the conservative media, and especially the infamous "House Un-American Affairs Committee" (HUAC) between 1947-1953, each chapter briefly outlines how progressive Christians should have supported the message of the film rather than condemned it. Each chapter explains why the film was considered controversial, and then proposes a number of arguments drawing heavily on Scripture, arguing that Christians should have, and still should, consider these films about social justice issues to be deeply biblical, and not "un-American." Intended for an adult education series, this book can serve as a kind of "handbook" for a church or parish "Film Series" that raises serious questions of social justice and Christian response.
Steinbeck dedicated his book “To Tom, Who Lived It.” See the map in James N. Gregory, American Exodus: The Dust Bowl Migration and Okie Culture in California (New York: Oxford University Press, 1989), 5. Worster, Dust Bowl, 13, 78–9, ...
Author: Melvyn Stokes
Publisher: A&C Black
American History through Hollywood Film offers a new perspective on major issues in American history from the 1770s to the end of the twentieth century and explores how they have been represented in film. Melvyn Stokes examines how and why representation has changed over time, looking at the origins, underlying assumptions, production, and reception of an important cross-section of historical films. Chapters deal with key events in American history including the American Revolution, the Civil War and its legacy, the Great Depression, and the anti-communism of the Cold War era. Major themes such as ethnicity, slavery, Native Americans and Jewish immigrants are covered and a final chapter looks at the way the 1960s and 70s have been dealt with by Hollywood. This book is essential reading for anyone studying American history and the relationship between history and film.
The American Exodus, in its Cold War version, is still raising questions about the relationship of the Bible to American ... Conclusions Each of these extended episodes in the life of the Exodus in America was complicated by the others, ...
Author: James W. Barker
Publisher: Purdue University Press
Found in Translation is at once a themed volume on the translation of ancient Jewish texts and a Festschrift for Leonard J. Greenspoon, the Philip M. and Ethel Klutznick Professor in Jewish Civilization and professor of classical and near Eastern studies and of theology at Creighton University in Omaha, Nebraska. Greenspoon has made significant contributions to the study of Jewish biblical translations, particularly the ancient translation of the Hebrew Bible into Greek, known as the Septuagint. This volume comprises an internationally renowned group of scholars presenting a wide range of original essays on Bible translation, the influence of culture on biblical translation, Bible translations' reciprocal influence on culture, and the translation of various Jewish texts and collections, especially the Septuagint. Volume editors have painstakingly planned Found in Translation to have the broadest scope of any current work on Jewish biblical translation to reflect Greenspoon's broad impact on the field throughout an august career.
James Gregory (American Exodus, 94, 98, 115) finds that the new white migrants experienced the same conditions as Mexican workers. He adds that while supporters of the New Deal took it upon themselves to expose the conditions of migrant ...
Author: Linda C. Noel
Publisher: University of Arizona Press
In the early 1900s, Teddy Roosevelt, New Mexico governors Miguel Antonio Otero and Octaviano Larrazolo, and Arizona legislator Carl Hayden—along with the voices of less well-known American women and men—promoted very different views on what being an American meant. Their writings and speeches contributed to definitions of American national identity during a tumultuous and dynamic era. At stake in these heated debates was the very meaning of what constituted an American, the political boundaries for the United States, and the legitimacy of cultural diversity in modern America. In Debating American Identity, Linda C. Noel examines several nation-defining events—the proposed statehood of Arizona and New Mexico, the creation of a temporary worker program during the First World War, immigration restriction in the 1920s, and the repatriation of immigrants in the early 1930s. Noel uncovers the differing ways in which Americans argued about how newcomers could fit within the nation-state, in terms of assimilation, pluralism, or marginalization, and the significance of class status, race, and culture in determining American identity. Noel shows not only how the definition of American was contested, but also how the economic and political power of people of Mexican descent, their desire to incorporate as Americans or not, and the demand for their territory or labor by other Americans played an important part in shaping decisions about statehood and national immigration policies. Debating American Identity skillfully shows how early twentieth century debates over statehood influenced later ones concerning immigration; in doing so, it resonates with current discussions, resulting in a well-timed look at twentieth century citizenship.
How Minority Faiths Redefined America's World Role Christopher Buck ... states that “consciousness of the Oneness of Mankind” is distinguishing feature of the Baha ́'ı ́ Faith, 174 “African American Exodus Counter-Myth” (Protestantism): ...
Author: Christopher Buck
Buck examines the religious significance of America by surveying those religions that have attached some kind of spiritual meaning to it.